Superior Court also has jurisdiction to act as an intermediate level appellate court in some instances. No cases filed previous to this date are available in the database. People are summoned for jury duty, meaning that they are potential jurors for any cases coming up the week they are called to serve. Jury duty is the obligation of citizens to act in this capacity so that the parties of a civil case or the defendants in a criminal case get fair trials. Examples include petty theft, prostitution, vandalism, and drunk driving. Superior Courts have jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases. Each Superior Court Judge is elected to a four year term. Who's Who in Superior Court?—The Participants. Like the superior court division, district courts hold trials and empanel juries to determine the facts of specific cases. What are the Different Types of District Court Records. If you have been charged with a juvenile offender crime: You will automatically be assigned an attorney. These are criminal cases filed in King County Superior Court against those under 18, for crimes committed anywhere within King County. New Jersey municipal courts also handle motor vehicle violations and violations of municipal ordinances, such as building code violations or parking tickets. Some of the superior court records are archived and may not be available online or at all beyond a certain time period. The exclusive jurisdiction of this court also covers such matters as declaratory judgments, habeas corpus, mandamus, quo … Some superior courts are divided into branches, each responsible for certain types of cases. In the trial or superior court, a judge, and sometimes a jury, hears testimony and evidence and decides a case by applying the law to the facts of the case. Superior Courts typically hear cases received from the District Courts by way of appeal. Your attorney will explain pleadings to you in the particular context of your case, but the summary that follows will give you a head start in understanding some of the many documents that may become a part of your civil lawsuit. A superior court is a government body in which the adjudicating of legal disputes occurs. Did the defendant steal the money? Individuals may need the case number, the name of the defendant, or the name of one of the parties in order to retrieve the records online or for the clerk to retrieve the records at the superior court. Criminal Cases Small claims cases and appeals of small claims cases (up to $10,000 for individuals and $5,000 for businesses); 4. All criminal cases (felonies, misdemeanors, and infractions, like traffic tickets); 3. Cases are prosecuted by the King County Prosecuting Attorney’s Office. Petitions for court-ordered mental health treatment are handled by the ITA Court. The Superior Court has jurisdiction over: family … The case documents in superior court are all of the pleadings and other court documents submitted to the court prior to, during, and after the trial. Small Claims. Juries are made up of citizens living in the community where the trial takes place. Superior Court handles other types of civil matters outside the Civil Department. It is generally mandated with the authority to dispense justice in accordance with the law. Trial courts, otherwise known as Superior courts, is the category a majority of court cases fall under. The Court can also hear just about any kind of state-court case, as long as it involves federal law, including the Constitution. The Superior Court manages specific Business, Gun, Drug, Sexual Predator, and Domestic Violence Calendars, as well as a Court-Annexed Arbitration Program and an annual Settlement/Mediation week. Youth courts provide protections appropriate to the age of the accused, including protecting his or her privacy. The Superior Court hears the following types of cases: Negligence, contracts, real property rights and other civil matters with a minimum claim of $1,500 in damages in which either party requests a trial by jury. In addition, the Superior Court has exclusive equity jurisdiction over all cases of divorce, title to land, and felonies involving jury trials, including death penalty cases. Superior court clerks may charge a fee to inspect older records because of the additional research that’s required to locate files not kept with more recent cases. Superior Court is a court of general jurisdiction handling both civil and criminal law actions. Superior Court Judges serve a first term of two years, followed by subsequent terms of six years, renewed by a retention vote at the general election. What are the Different Types of Civil Court Records? How are State And Federal Appellate Courts Similar? It has exclusive, constitutional authority over felony cases, divorce, equity and cases regarding title to land. That means that when someone wants to sue another person, divorce or prosecute a crime, the complaint is filed in superior court. The state is divided into district court districts where the court usually sits in … There are 58 Trial Courts--one in each county. The Superior Court is Georgia 's general jurisdiction trial court. Cases involving criminal, civil and family law are heard in the Superior Court. Misdemeanors. That means that when someone wants to sue another person, divorce or prosecute a crime, the complaint is filed in superior court. The North Carolina Court of Appeals is the state’s only intermediate appellate court. Superior Court Judges preside over cases involving misdemeanors, contract disputes, premises liability, and various other actions. Read More: How are State And Federal Appellate Courts Similar? Appellate courts review the legal decisions of a trial court, but they do not reweigh factual questions. For cases tried in a Municipal-level jurisdiction (small claims, limited civil, unlawful detainer, traffic, misdemeanors), the court of appeal is the Superior Court. Indiana Courts: What is the Difference Between Trial Courts and Appellate Courts? It often contains a list of the parties’ names, the court hearing dates, and the case file numbers. and an M.F.A in creative writing and enjoys writing legal blogs and articles. Criminal cases are prosecuted by the solicitor or prosecutor on behalf of the government, and the records are often filed by the defendant’s name as a result. The trial courts of many states are called superior courts. Listing of all Superior Courts California Judicial Branch Fact Sheet Court calendars for the Boston Municipal Court, Land Court, and Probate and Family Court generally include dates and names of presiding judges. Misdemeanors. The trial courts are U.S. district courts, followed by United States courts of appeals and then the Supreme Court of the United States. The legal papers that are filed in court at the beginning of a lawsuit are called "pleadings." Did the speeding car cause the accident? Courts are located in each of Maine's eight judicial regions. The Superior Court hears the following types of cases: Negligence, contracts, real property rights and other civil matters with a minimum claim of $1,500 in damages in which either party requests a trial by jury. The case types are presented as they are used in the Sacramento Superior Court for purposes of case processing, scheduling, and trial assignment. The superior court records in criminal cases are similar to civil cases in that they contain all of the court proceedings for the case. The records available for review include an index of defendants in criminal cases and both parties in civil cases, case documents, and court dockets. The Types of Court Cases. Superior Courts typically hear cases received from the District Courts by way of appeal. What are the Different Types of Court Records? The case types are presented as they are used in the Contra Costa Superior Court for purposes of case processing, scheduling, and trial assignment. If you have been charged with a juvenile offender crime: You will automatically be assigned an attorney. Municipal Court cases began entering into the system as of January 1, 1989. The Superior Court has exclusive jurisdiction over cases … Any court at either the provincial/territorial or superior court level can be designated a youth court. With UniCourt, you can access cases online in Lamoreaux Justice Center, view case summary, check case status, download court documents, as well as track cases and get alerts on new case updates and access Orange County Superior Courts - Lamoreaux Justice Center cases with Legal Data APIs. Cases are prosecuted by the King County Prosecuting Attorney’s Office. What court you go to depends on where you live, what the case is about, and how much money the case involves. Superior Courts may have parts or divisions based on case type, such as civil, criminal, family, chancery, and probate. Superior Courts have exclusive jurisdiction of some kinds of cases; for instance, a felony criminal case and a divorce can only be heard in a Superior Court. Misdemeanors are generally punishable by a fine and/or a county jail term of one year or less. The Marion County Clerk’s Office accepts the following case types to be heard in Marion County’s Circuit and Superior Courts. One or more superior court judges are assigned to hear all juvenile cases involving delinquency, incorrigibility and dependency. Felonies. No cases filed previous to this date are available in the database. Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. In the trial or superior court, a judge, and sometimes a jury, hears testimony and evidence and decides a case by applying the law to the facts of the case. Page two contains a list of case types with documents available in the system. https://www.mass.gov/locations/middlesex-county-superior-court Today many states term their trial courts "superior courts," whether or not there are inferior courts of lesser jurisdiction. Misdemeanors are generally punishable by a fine and/or a county jail term of one year or less. The case types are presented as they are used in the Contra Costa Superior Court for purposes of case processing, scheduling, and trial assignment. She holds both an M.A. The docket information is often helpful to locate the case file number. As with the superior court, the appellate court hears various types of cases: family law, probate, conservatorship, guardianship, civil (personal injury, wrongful death, etc. District courts handle serious, but lower level crimes, and civil cases between $10,000 - $25,000. Some examples of felonies include murder, robbery, and rape. Spengler splits her time between the French Basque Country and Northern California. In Massachusetts, the trial court system has different types of courts including the housing court, the district court, and the superior court. Only current infractions and misdemeanors are available. Transfers from Municipal Court - Sometimes more serious cases, such as those involving assault, robbery, or auto theft, begin in municipal court but are transferred to the Superior Court. All Superior Courts in California have authority over a wide variety of case types such as: Appeals - Limited and Unlimited Civil, Family and Probate Civil Cases - Includes both limited civil cases ($25,000 or less) and unlimited civil cases (over $25,000). Felonies. However, for these cases, businesses (excluding sole proprietors) can only sue up to $5,000 in small claims court. Other states call these types of courts circuit courts (e.g., in Michigan) or supreme courts (e.g., in New York.). Appeals of civil cases involving $25,000 or less; and 5. In criminal cases, Provincial Court judicial justices and judges conduct bail hearings; Provincial Court Judges conduct trials where an accused person pleads not guilty and they sentence … Please note that citation cases are not available (you will need to contact the police district in which the citation was issued for the court date). What Cases We Handle. For example, family law cases involving children are handled by the Family Court. This includes California, Washington, Georgia, Arizona, Connecticut and Alaska. How do I get Copies of Magistrate Court Records? There are approximately 360 Superior Court trial judges in New Jersey. Trial Courts are also called "Superior Courts." As the general trial courts of the state, superior courts are the starting point for all court cases, civil or criminal. The judicial system, whether state or federal, begins with a court of first instance, whose work may be reviewed by an appellate court, and then ends at the court of last resort, which may review the work of the lower courts. The Superior Court is sometimes called the trial court because it is where trials are conducted. Superior Court opinions are not published. The defendant in a criminal case is the person being accused of committing a crime by the government. There are many people who take part in a criminal case in Superior Court. The population of a county determines the number of authorized judgeships. They include: 1. The Superior Courts of the State of Georgia are the trial courts of general jurisdiction which means that the Superior Courts hear criminal, civil, equity and family law cases. The California courts serve nearly 34 million people. The table below shows cause codes and JIS participant types that are valid for each case type. The fact that a Superior Court is not subject to control suggests that the decisions of such a court carry importance and considerable authority. The courts in the New Jersey judiciary include the Supreme Court, the Superior Court, the Appellate Division, the Tax Court and the Municipal Court. The Superior Court of Glynn County has concurrent jurisdiction with State Court over cases involving misdemeanors, contract disputes, premises liability, and … There are three types of civil court cases: small claims, limited civil, and unlimited civil cases. Some superior court records are not available for the public to view because the documents are considered confidential records. Magistrate Courts (also referred to as City or Municipal Courts) have jurisdiction over: traffic cases; misdemeanors; violations of local ordinances : The Arizona Superior Court, a court of general jurisdiction, is considered one court with locations in each of the 15 counties in the state. The chart includes only case types and cause codes that can be entered in or converted to JIS. In a jury trial, it is the jury that determines the factual issues of the case. Superior courts handle: All civil cases (family law, probate, juvenile, and other civil cases); It would hear all cases they were qualified and cretified to hear, which come before it that originated within their circuit. In trial courts, or superior courts, a judge and sometimes a jury hears witnesses' testimony and other evidence and decides cases by applying the relevant law to the relevant facts. Trial courts are also called "superior courts." Berkeley's Boalt Hall. eAccess will allow you to make payments related to criminal cases. But some states use the term "superior court" to refer to different types of courts. Municipal Court cases began entering into the system as of January 1, 1989. Examples include petty theft, prostitution, vandalism, and drunk driving. Four magistrates, appointed by the Chief Judge, hear cases in the Traffic and Misdemeanor Division and Small Claims Division, both of which fall under the Superior Court's jurisdiction. For example, a defendant’s challenge to the basis for a police search implicates the Fourth Amendment, and is therefore within the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction. For example, some superior courts do not make divorce, unlawful detainer, and probate case records available to the public to search. Criminal cases are prosecuted by the solicitor or prosecutor on behalf of the government, and the records are often filed by the defendant’s name as a result. Most probate, guardianship, and minor settlement cases are handled by the Ex Parte & Probate Department. For example, in the Pennsylvania judicial system, the Superior Court is one of two statewide intermediate appellate courts. Superior Court cases started entering into the system in 1995 when the courts were combined. If you have questions or concerns regarding your case type, please call the court's main telephone line (925) 608-1000 for assistance. Every state has a judicial system that includes both trial courts and appellate courts. California Superior Courts-- These are the trial courts in California. A Superior Court is a court of original jurisdiction. Teo Spengler earned a J.D. For example, someone could research the depositions that were taken by the prosecutor and defendant in the criminal case she wants to research. The Superior Court, the trial court of general jurisdiction for Massachusetts, is committed to delivering high quality justice in a timely and fair manner in accordance with the rule of law. The Superior Court of Justice, Ontario Court of Justice and the Province of Ontario shall not be responsible for any loss or damage of any kind caused by any reason or purpose including, without limitation, reliance on the completeness or accuracy of the data contained on this website, including the daily court lists, or the functioning of this website. Individuals can often locate criminal case records in the region where the defendants were prosecuted by searching an index of defendants, which states the defendant’s first and last name and the number of court records that are associated with that name. ), criminal law, and juvenile cases. About Criminal Cases . About Criminal Cases . Trial courts are also called "superior courts." It has exclusive, constitutional authority over felony cases, divorce, equity and cases regarding title to land. Lake County Superior Court, Gary, Indiana. Superior Court cases started entering into the system in 1995 when the courts were combined. Types of Court Cases Review the types of civil and criminal cases. from U.C. The trial court is where you first file a complaint. If you are seeking judgments equal to or less than $8,000, the case may be filed with a small claims court. A popular example of a Superior Court is the Court of Appeal. In both these jurisdictions, a Superior Court refers to a court that is above the lower court (s), but below the highest appellate court. District courts handle serious, but lower level crimes, and civil cases between $10,000 - $25,000. The appellate court is the court which hears a case that the superior court has already rendered a verdict and the losing party (appellant) is not happy so they appeal their loss. Some examples of felonies include murder, robbery, and rape. Felonies are generally punishable by a sentence to state prison or local prison for at least one year, or death. For additional information about California courts and court reporters, visit the Library's California Case Materials Checklist. The court's 82 justices sit in 20 courthouses in all 14 counties of the Commonwealth. California Courts: California Judicial Branch. The exclusive jurisdiction of this court also covers such matters as declaratory judgments, habeas corpus, mandamus, quo warranto and prohibition. The Superior Court is Georgia's general jurisdiction trial court. Civil Cases - Includes both limited civil cases ($25,000 or less) and unlimited civil cases (over $25,000). Superior Court The Maine Superior Court is Maine's trial court of general jurisdiction and is the only level of court where jury trials are available. Who is the Plaintiff in a Criminal Lawsuit? The table below shows cause codes and JIS participant types that are valid for each case type. State Court Cases The vast majority of both civil and criminal cases are heard in state courts, from major felonies to speeding tickets. Youth courts handle cases for young people 12 to 17 years old who are charged with an offence under federal youth justice laws. The Superior Court has exclusive jurisdiction over cases in … Cases begin in trial courts, and that is where civil and criminal complaints are filed, juries are seated, witnesses are called to testify and verdicts are rendered. In fact, these courts started out as courts of general jurisdiction, capable of hearing any civil or criminal matter, which was considered "superior" to courts of limited jurisdiction. Each county in Arizona has at least one Superior Court. The jury hears evidence presented by both sides, then renders a verdict. Other procedures typically not related to disputes among parties, such as obtaining a marriage license or the probate process for a will, are also handled by state courts. Only current infractions and misdemeanors are available. Superior court is the name given to the trial courts in many states, including California, Arizona, Connecticut and Alaska, but other states use the term for appellate courts. The Superior Courts of the State of Georgia are the trial courts of general jurisdiction which means that the Superior Courts hear criminal, civil, equity and family law cases. All criminal defendants are entitled to a jury trial, and many civil litigants choose jury trials as well. Superior Courts have exclusive jurisdiction of some kinds of cases; for instance, a felony criminal case and a divorce can only be heard in a Superior Court. Her work has appeared in numerous online publications including USA Today, Legal Zoom, eHow Business, Livestrong, SF Gate, Go Banking Rates, Arizona Central, Houston Chronicle, Navy Federal Credit Union, Pearson, Quicken.com, TurboTax.com, and numerous attorney websites. Superior court records are often available to the public to search on the court’s website or in person during the court’s business hours. Superior court records also include court dockets. More than 95% of all criminal cases in BC are dealt with in the Provincial Court. In the Trial Courts, a judge, and sometimes a jury, hears testimony and evidence and decides a case by applying the law to the facts of the case. Though each of these addresses very important cases and each is very busy, the vast majority of cases hear in the stat are filed in the Municipal Courts. Superior Court JIS Case Type, Cause Code, Participant Type. Juvenile traffic cases may be heard by a court other than the juvenile court (if the presiding juvenile court judge allows it). All complex cases filed in Riverside Superior Court will be assigned to Department 6 for all purposes, including trial. As an Assistant Attorney General in Juneau, she practiced before the Alaska Supreme Court and the U.S. Supreme Court before opening a plaintiff's personal injury practice in San Francisco. All Superior Courts in California have authority over a wide variety of case types such as: Appeals - Limited and Unlimited Civil, Family and Probate. Like the superior court division, district courts hold trials and empanel juries to determine the facts of specific cases. Superior Court Judges preside over cases involving misdemeanors, contract disputes, premises liability, and various other actions. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. This applies to complex cases filed in all of the court’s three geographical divisions: Western (Riverside), Mid-County (Murrieta), and Eastern (Palm Springs). And any case can involve federal law. Criminal Cases; Civil Cases; In criminal cases, the government brings a case against one or more defendants. The Commonwealth Court is the other appellate court at this level. For cases tried in a Superior-level jurisdiction (general civil, family law, probate, juvenile, felony), the court of appeal is the Third District Court of Appeals Small Claims cases are filed in a special small claims court for cases that are under $10,000. The Arizona Superior Court, a court of general jurisdiction, is considered one court with locations in each of the 15 counties in the state. Some of the ones present in the courtroom include the judge, the court reporter, the court clerk, and the bailiff. 1. 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