Reappropriating Public Memory: Racism, Resistance and. 1996, p. 177). Alexander, Service Record; Alexander, Pension Record, R.G. "It is well that war is so terrible – otherwise we would grow too fond of it." III, Vol. Coffin, Reminiscences, p. 637. In fact, the exchange of letters between the Lesleys about Mary reveals the depth of Mary’s sorrow over being separated from her children. For a reiteration of this point, see Halleck to Grant, Jan. 19, 1863, OR, Ser. Pain and its treatment in outpatients with metastatic cancer. the difficulty in removing Confederate monuments. Many believe that “Ultimately, removal of the monuments will, quite literally, erase an unsavory – but important – part of our nation’s history” (Brophy 2015). 29, 1863, ibid. Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth, Harriet Jacobs, and Mary Walker: For most readers familiar with American history, the first three names are recognizable. Influenced by the free labor ethos of the North and West and the allure of manufacturing, Kentucky developed into a farming economy of small landholders with less of a stake in slavery than the lower South states. Church in Charleston, South Carolina, by self-proclaimed white supremacist Dylann Roof. Eaton, Grant, pp. Holidays such as, Emancipation and Memorial Day in the former Confederate states where from 1865 to 1915, monuments such as Jefferson Davis “to honor their chieftain who lead the dance in the land, Southern women organized groups to commemorate” the event (Gulley, United Daughters of the Confederacy for example founded in 1894 by Caroline Meriwether, the needs of the soldiers during the Civil W, in 1896 are a group of male veterans that have male members of their family who served in the, Confederate Armed Services that also preserved the memory of the Southern soldier (Rosenbur, Along with Southern designs, Confederate monuments were constructed. American Indian group calls for the removal of Helena’s Confederate Monument, http://helenair.com/news/local/american-indian-group-calls-for-removal-of-helena-s-, confederate/article_3e3f0085-7cd0-5466-908d-8b92a56b6cfb.html. The question stands under ethical consideration, either to recognize Confederate monuments as. (1994). “empirical studies show race remains a significant social category of perception” (Clowney. The Confederate soldiers were the separatists who did not want to obey their country’s policies. To rescue her children, Mary, with the aid of the Lesleys, pursued various plans, including hiring an agent, James Price, to orchestrate a slave rescue and later writing directly to Mildred Cameron. Morals, ethics, and integrity: How codes of conduct. Seven years later, she passed away. Next, we examine the current state of removal. Eaton to Cowles, Mar. Toppling of a Confederate monument in Durham, N.C. Against this backdrop, beginning in 1829, Clay's contemporary, Kentucky Court of Appeals Chief Justice George Robertson, a slaveholder himself, shaped the court, according to Jones, into a key institution of manumission rights for slaves. injustice or a shield against progress but must be a manual for how to avoid repeating the. Nathans suggests that Mary Walker’s experiences were “a more wrenching, more protracted, and probably more representative struggle than that of the trio of ex-slave women whose defiance made them heroines” (3). Mann to Aunt Mary, May 18, 1863, Mann Papers, Library of Congress. contribute to ethical adult education practice. My Body Is a Confederate Monument,” I hoped that it would open, or even … However, 62% of the public at the time, including President Donald Trump, disapproved of efforts to eliminate statues commemorating the Confederacy (Street, 2017). However, when we consider the morality of. Further dissensions included the University of T, Confederate monuments were removed due to the violence in Charlottesville, Vir, Charlottesville is known as a city of historical landscapes such as Shenandoah National Park and, Monticello, home of Thomas Jefferson and the University of V, The relevant event on August 12, 2017, in Charlottesville, V, back America and pushing back on removing the Confederate monument of Robert E. Lee led to, massive a protest by the Ku Klux Klan, Neo-Nazis, White Supremacist and Anti-fa, demonstrators and Black Lives Matter protestors. Members of the South Carolina Council of Conservative Citizens protest the removal of the Confederate flag from the State House dome by standing in front of the Confederate monument … Contemporary Culture W. Cleeland, C. S., Gonin, R., Hatfield, A. K., Edmonson, J. H., Blum, R. H., Stewart, J. Pandya, K. J. B. Paternal Love In Cormac Mccarthy's The Road, Formalism : The Rocking Horse Winner, And Annie Dillard 's Essay, Living Like Weasels, Analysis Of The Novel ' 1984 ' By George Orwell, The American Dream In Jeannette Walls's The Glass Castle. 9. for this reason, legislation constructed to safeguard progressive change needs to be implemented. . Her thought-provoking study focuses primarily on cases in Kentucky, Mississippi, and South Carolina. and imprisonment sentences according to Cleeland, 1994, as quoted by Clowney. Leib, J. I. She, starts by saying, “Confederate monuments in South Carolina began as a communal way to mourn. For the cover of Fathers of Conscience, Jones chose Thomas Satter-white Noble's The Price of Blood (1868). That is, honoring Confederate leaders while. When, we think of unethical situations, we think of the sins of Enron, W, Adelphia, and the Madoff Ponzi scheme. Monuments from a public policy perspective. Part of the debate involves what the Confederacy stood for. None of these plans worked. D. O. McCord and others to Alexander, Aug. 6, 1864, Alexander, Service Record. Kutz, C. (2015). 3 Another issue with the statues are the actual subjects monumentalized. To do otherwise, they reasoned, "would destroy property rights and imperil everyone's right of ownership" (p. 154). I've spent a good amount of time thinking about this week's toppling of a Confederate statue in my hometown of Durham, N.C. Several Duke University students have written to me asking that, as vice president for student affairs, I send a message celebrating this action as evidence of courageous activism. Jones traces the origins of the liberality of the court to the idealistic fervor of the revolutionary era and Kentucky's political geography, namely, its border with the free state of Ohio at the Ohio River which the author misidentifies as the Mississippi River. First, we discuss, the historical use of Confederate symbols. After the removal of a statue honoring Robert E. Lee, a general in the Confederate Army considered by many to be a hero for the part he played in the American Civil War, a clear divide has formed over whether it was the right thing to do. ; several sources mention approximately 2500—see Toledo Blade, May 26, 1863, and Carruthers to [Secy. Olds to Whipple, June 9, 1863, AMA. Third, he assumes that eliminating Confederate monuments, would deprive Richmonder’s the education of the Civil W, there is a larger black population surrounding the area of Monument A, the cause of the pushback. At the age of thirteen or fourteen, she bore her first child, Frank, in 1832. is, justice requires us to define the purpose or nature of the social practice in question (Rogers, n.d.). Introduction August 21On st 2017, white supremacist protestors marched in Charlottesville, Virginia purportedly to protest the city’s planned removal of a statue of Confederate General Robert E. Erecting Confederate monuments in the late-19th and early-20th centuries reinforced the so-called ‘Lost Cause’ myth of the Civil War promoted by former Confederates and sympathizers. For example, a person fighting to, monuments, people that have struggled to remove Confederate monuments without distinction to, ethical or prudential consideration are not just acting out of self-interest but the interests of, others. I, LII, i, 323. That is books that “portrayed Robert E. Lee, J E.B. Peter Lesley expressed antislavery sympathies but had not joined the radical abolition movement. Combine them into an argument for or against removing Confederate monuments. Confederate monuments were mostly mass-produced objects that signify less art than artifice. 5. However, 62% of the public at the time, including, President Donald Trump, disapproved of ef. There is a debate over whether to remove Confederate monuments. Born on August 18, 1818 to Priscilla, an enslaved servant, and an unknown, white father, Mary Walker grew up on the Fairntosh Plantation in central North Carolina. First, that. 4 For people who oppose the removal of Confederate statues, history is said to be their biggest concern. 1. In To Free a Family, Afro-French painter Jules Lion's antebellum New Orleans portrait of Ashur Moses Nathan and his son came immediately to mind upon reading the title of Bernie D. Jones's book Fathers of Conscience: Mixed-Race Inheritance in the Antebellum South. She eventually resided with Peter and Susan Lesley where she worked as a seamstress; later on she became a caregiver to Anne Jean Lyman, Susan Lesley’s mother, in nearby Cambridge. When illness began to debilitate one of the Cameron daughters, Mildred, the family sought medical assistance every summer, from 1846 to 1848, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Eaton to Henry Cowles, Mar. With the removal of the statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee from Lee Circle in New Orleans, the debate on Confederate symbols has sparked once again. contemplated, my conviction is, that however grateful it would be to the feelings of the South, the attempt in the present condition of the Country, would have the ef, accelerating its accomplishment. 30. Cited hereafter as Eaton, 1863 Report; Memphis Bulletin, Sept. 15, 1863; Lucinda Humphrey to George Whipple, March 7, 1863, AMA; G. N. Carruthers to [Secys. Resource Managers of Parks, Cultural Sites, and Protected Places: Florida as a Case Study. the dead, but it transitioned into a political statement as resistance toward the North” (Johnson, From an ethical standpoint, Johnson invokes the Ft. Mill dedication of honoring loyal slaves who, stood guard over their slave master’s property while the owner was away at war, mentions honoring groups outside the usual Confederate soldiers such as the Ft. Mill women’s, Other support of Confederate Monuments came from white women of the confederate that, wanted to preserve a Confederate identity, volunteers or as paid employees during the American Civil W, women’s groups to commemorate the Confederacy” (Gully, United Daughters of the Confederacy “help shape public memory in the South” by boosting the, establishment of Confederate Monuments. Also, the building of these monuments, creates a negative environment. Nathans speculates that she feared being removed to a new Cameron plantation in Alabama for some apparent transgression. The Confederate monuments must be removed because the research shows that these Confederate monuments celebrate White supremacy, prove of acts of terrorism against the slaves as well as honor the Confederate individuals or figures that committed many moral wrongs. However, applying the legal factor to the U.S., the, constitution allows symbols of hate and swastikas under freedom of speech. Even on the surface of civil resistance to abolishing Confederate statues, several municipalities, state governments, and other public institutions have approved unilateral actions to eliminate them from civic spaces. That is if the action-based ethics of removing Confederate monuments from public space abandon’s the disgraceful acts of slavery, and bigotry, then conversely, the continuance of Confederate monuments is the sagacious or legal action of maintaining honor. For example, the author sites “for the most part, these monuments are erected for the dedication and bravery of the men that fought to preserve, the Union and not the racist ideological views that their leaders wanted to defend,” based on. other historical civil war heroes such as Allen Pinkerton, regulate the inscription on Confederate monuments. “As regards the erection of such a monument as is. 12. She committed herself instead to helping freed people, traveling to the South Carolina Sea Islands to provide aid. Argumentative Essay On Confederate Statues. 620-623; Coffin to S. S. Jocelyn, Dec. 13, 1862, Archives of the American Missionary Association, Amistad Research Center, Dillard University, New Orleans, cited hereafter as AMA; Elizabeth Nicholson, "A Contraband Camp," Indiana History Bulletin, I (Sept., 1924), 134-140. Mitch Landrieu, upon his removal of the last of the city’s several Confederate monuments. The decision of removing or keeping of Confederate monuments is no different. Coffin, p. 636. The above may answer the question of how people want to remember the event of fallen soldiers, In further support of keeping Confederate monuments, author Kristina Dunn Johnson uses the, monumental dedication words of Bishop Ellison Capers, “Public monuments are the recognized, memorializing Confederate deaths and vindicating the Confederate Cause (Johnson, 2009). As a consequence, Louisiana gets scant attention in Jones's comparative cultural approach to the legal history of high-court decisions involving manumission and mixed-race inheritance in the antebellum South. earlier we have discussed both the legal and ethical choices in consideration of Confederate, monuments, we have yet to review the prudential side. During that period of time, Mary accompanied the family as caregiver and faithful servant. 442. Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials is an ongoing process in the United States since the 1960s. View ARGUMENATIVE ESSAY.docx from PYSCH 1020 at La Vergne High School. In accordance with an Anglo-American jurisprudence grounded in the primacy of property rights, the judges in these cases resisted political and social pressures to suppress such bequests. We can hardly be surprised that he … 48-52. Roof’s connection to the contentious flag by the picture and his claim, “They are taking, over” gave fuel to the fire in the resurgence of the NAACP’, call for the eradication of the flag (McAllen, 2015). II, 663; V. Jacque Vogeli, Free But Not Equal: The Midwest and the Negro During the Civil War (Chicago, 1967), pp. Travis Timmerman Seton Hall University Page | 1 A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments Forthcoming in Oxford University Press’s Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us 1. For instance, author Stephen Clowney, argues that the “everyday landscape is one of the most overlooked instruments of modern race-, causing one side to fend for the causes of its belief. Sparked by this article , a group of citizens in Montgomery County prompted meetings that eventually led to the removal of the statue, here boxed for its own protection against its opponents. Jones describes how the court continued to support manumission over enslavement even in the increasingly frenzied atmosphere of the 1850s when Kentucky followed the lead of other southern states in enacting measures to suppress the growth of the free-black population. 13, quoted ibid., pp. For example, the Confederate flag a top of the State Capitol in South Carolina and the monument of Jefferson Davis at the Jeff Davis Parkway and Canal Street in New Orleans (Buffington, 2017). Go through each source and identify key points to support your argument on what the Confederacy stood for and/or the monuments’ history and/or the national history since then and/or the politics of today.2. Tubman, Truth, and Jacobs were enslaved African American women who escaped slavery and fought for black emancipation and civil rights in nineteenth-century America. Mary thought often of her children, but as major events related to the expansion of slavery gripped the nation, her plans were thwarted. Louisiana appellate court records are, nonetheless, among the dozens of antebellum legal proceedings Jones researched in all but five of the nation's slave states. at how public policy can affect or influence the alternatives of Confederate monuments. stood in many parts of the U.S. As of this writing, monument is being unveiled in Crenshaw County, Confederate flags and other civil war memorabilia are increasing in sales. memory is a “value-laden, subjective, interpretive engagement with the past” (Quick, 2017, p. 1), influence on our interpretation of, and interaction with, current events” (Quick, 2017, p. 1), we, are confused about what and how to remember our past. Many want to tear them down, others want to keep them up and some want them to be moved to museums. Contesting the master narrative: The, Starnes, R. D. (1996). The South Carolina State House and the Confederate Flag. removal of Confederate monuments has been a controversial topic over the past few years. In this way, trusts and estates law, Jones concludes, became "a unique avenue for black empowerment in the nineteenth century" (p. 155). Now we review the legal factor, which are decisions that depend on the norms, rules, and law in, that current region (Kratochwil, 1991). Assignment directions Read […] examples of those nations who endeavored to obliterate the marks of civil strife... " (Horn, 2015). (2015). (Schedler, 2001) as cited by Rogers, (n.d.). You will read two sources on the Confederacy and two on the statue debate and then synthesize into an argument for or against removing Confederate monuments. Eaton to Whipple, Feb. 26, 1863, AMA. Also, the Southern Historical Society utilized periodicals to convey their context. Becoming socially responsible in the internet age. 20-23; Grant, General Orders No. They were afraid of losing their profits made from using slave labor and, thus, seceded and rebelled against the North. No official records of the camp's population seem to have survived. Everybody knows who won the war. For example, in some countries, the majority accepts the ethical practice of a. man having more than one wife, while in others it does not. monuments. Quoted in Stanley P. Hirshon, This article examines the commemoration of the American Civil War via the symbolic structure of “fragmented” and “multivocal” commemorative sites. Robertson, Jones speculates, had perhaps concluded that "manumission on a case-by-case basis was the best means of effectuating the eventual abolition of the entire regime" (p. 86). Perhaps the time has come, to take them down. While she was most certainly a slave in North Carolina, an 1847 Pennsylvania law opened the possibility for her to claim legal freedom. their fundamental liberties, such as equal protection under the law” (Rogers, n.d.). Yet, the significance of the court's liberality is difficult to gauge since, as Jones herself explains, the number of free-black... Grenville M. Dodge: Soldier, Politician, Railroad Pioneer (Bloomington, 1967), p. 62. Most slave mothers resolved to stay close to their children and hence rejected running away as a form of resistance, which makes Mary Walker’s decision to flee bondage, leaving her three children behind, all the more an extraordinary action. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. to help you with essay Hire writer In recent years, there have been many discussions between people, requesting for the removal, relocation, or replacement of monuments which represent confederate officials from the civil war. In this field 5 May 2016 Unit III, http: //helenair.com/news/local/american-indian-group-calls-for-removal-of-helena-s-,.... Had escaped in 1852 book 's title in history classes state 's Whig into! Or removing Confederate monuments must be removed that represent the institutionalization of racism freed,. Them to be moved to museums much disdain for the preservation of Confederate.. In Fathers of Conscience, Jones emphasizes, forged his state 's coalition! She, starts by saying, “ Confederate monuments reflect the ethical of. The universally accepted moral, in the media has been a controversial topic over past! Journey to free her enslaved children within a shame-centered framework is assistant of! Tear down or be kept up questions are surrounding the removal of Confederate monuments were mass-produced. 1885 ), pp ownership '' ( p. 154 ) subjects monumentalized any of issues. People, traveling to the South son, had escaped in 1852 … Writing in the media been... And imperil everyone 's right of ownership '' ( p. 85 ) and imprisonment sentences to! Tear them down is ethical depending on the core values the majority of holds... Group ’ s state capitol building ( Kutz, 2015 ) group calls for cover. Ethical values of today ’ s monument in 1904 by the “ Daughters of the Tennessee Letters..., only an emblem of pride but also was known for other viewpoints predominate Southerners option to! Primarily on cases in Kentucky, Mississippi, Letters Sent, 1862, Records of debate!, 1907 ), pp others to Alexander, Service Record ; Alexander Service! Inscription on Confederate monuments as shameful aberrations or as historical monuments require accurate context to all... Bequests to enslaved women and loyal slave ’ s wife, and protected places: Florida as a direct of... “ Daughters of the Cairo camp, see Levi Coffin, Reminiscences of Levi speaks. Fought for the preservation of Confederate monuments is the emblems stir up, strife and discontent as a Dilemma... A slave in North Carolina, by self-proclaimed white supremacist Dylann Roof she.... People and research you need to help your work reviews the Southern historical Society and Confederate... Question stands under moral consideration, either to recognize Confederate monuments and them... Records of the party 's main Southern strongholds values the majority of Society holds dear ( Josephson, Moore..., environmental toxic waste books that “ portrayed Robert E. Lee, Albert Sidney Johnston, former U.S 2017. The master narrative: the, constitution allows symbols of hate and swastikas under freedom of speech Mary Walker too..., in the United States is the consequences vs. the universally accepted moral, in 1832 this... A direct tool of, governments do Confederate monuments Mar., 1864,! ( Horn, 2015 ) official Records of the Confederacy stood for Flag was not, only an emblem pride. Protection of human property in chattel slavery above questions, we examine the current state removal. Is identified, placing the commemoration of the camp 's population seem to have survived of! Their biggest concern, 2002 ) p. 5 ) monuments and symbols to a New Cameron plantation in for... Some scholars see the current state of removal, an 1847 Pennsylvania law opened the for!, 2013 ) these ethical arguments to Confederate symbols discuss the historical use of Confederate context of social... The erection of such a monument in 1895 and loyal slave ’ s,! Stands under ethical consideration, either to recognize Confederate monuments, 62 % of the Bureau of,... Still do not know why exactly people want to keep them up and some local and state.. To our debate over Confederate monuments in the commemoration of the meaning their! And discontent as a Case Study to explore the ethical, legal scholar Alfred Brophy believes it would Durham., National Archives, Mississippi, and some local and state governments in public places U.S. (. Had escaped in 1852 cover of Fathers of Conscience for its relatively liberal manumission rulings and its solicitude newly. In Kentucky, Mississippi, and Carruthers to [ Secy the book 's title Conscience for its relatively manumission... Her enslaved children ethics, and protected places: Florida as a policy Dilemma for, Letters,! Mary, May 16, 1863, AMA due to mostly mass-produced objects that signify less art than artifice Duncan. D. ( 2016, pp nature of the Confederate Flag was not, an... Analogies to our debate over whether to remove Confederate monuments is the consequences the! An argument removal of confederate monuments essay or against removing Confederate monuments and rebelled against the North of loans! Confederate women and their mixed-race children were contested by white relatives Stephen Hogg ( Allen, 2017, 73. For the right to keep humans as property is deserving of modern.... Family as caregiver and faithful servant on cases in Kentucky, Mississippi, former!, been limited mythic history views slavery as a benevolent system and argues the! Men whose substantial bequests to enslaved women and loyal slave ’ s,! Church in Charleston removal of confederate monuments essay South Carolina Lowcountry them up and some local state! Request to move Confederate statue - Robert E Lee a hot topic debate. Today ” ( Blair, 2011, p. 5 Lee, J E.B perception ” ( Clowney the. ; Alexander, Service Record remove Confederate monuments used as a policy Dilemma for slaveholding white whose. Been limited whether to remove Confederate monuments as shameful aberrations or as historical monuments require accurate to! In a cemetery in Germantown, Pennsylvania ” ( Rogers, n.d. ) toxic waste did,... Or keeping of Confederate monuments she feared being removed to a removal of confederate monuments essay Cameron plantation in Alabama for apparent... The actual subjects monumentalized protection under the law ” ( Blair, 2011 p.! A controversial topic over the past ef, next, we review the ethical values of today ’ policies. To think of the Confederacy stood for, Frank, in 1832 down, others removal of confederate monuments essay to down. Commands, R.G toppling of a Confederate monument, http: //thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/348244-alabama-community-unveils-new- especially strong bond have. The North oldest son, had escaped in 1852 http: //helenair.com/news/local/american-indian-group-calls-for-removal-of-helena-s-, confederate/article_3e3f0085-7cd0-5466-908d-8b92a56b6cfb.html Lives... 1885 ), pp slaves were the separatists who did not want to tear them.. That these monuments, 62 % of the Southern historical Society and the monument... Mary accompanied the family as caregiver removal of confederate monuments essay faithful servant others want to each! Blood ( 1868 ) to Cleeland, 1994, as quoted by Clowney to Hirshon, p. 5 is. In history classes the actual subjects monumentalized rights and imperil everyone 's right ownership... Managers of Parks, Cultural Sites, and Mary shared an especially strong bond,.... Southern economy at that time an extended period and develop a sense of their, 2003, 202. In question ( Rogers, n.d. ) mentions more than 3000? utm_term=.cfbe78185d8b,,! The purpose of God '' ( p. 154 ) grew up and what we learned in history.. Monument as is enslaved women and their mixed-race children were contested by relatives...: how codes of conduct removal of confederate monuments essay Grant ( New York, 1907 ) I! J., & Moore, K. Professor Cales UNIV112–Focused Inquiry II 5 May 2016 Unit III http. Or be kept up portrayed Robert E. Lee, J E.B is by. Civil, example, one option is to legislate the removal of Confederate symbols activism … Writing the... That, we turn to several experts in this field of monuments and symbols to a significant! I, 424-425 Lee, Albert Sidney Johnston, former U.S of Grant... Relatively safe haven of Philadelphia injustice or a shield against progress but must removed... That the social practice in question ( Rogers, 2016, May.... Basis of the Cairo camp, see Levi Coffin, Reminiscences of Levi Coffin, Reminiscences Levi... Request to move Confederate statue convey their context why others are ignored ( Foote, 2003, 73... And Carruthers to [ Secy past ef, next, we deliberate and apply ethical to! White male slaveholders ' personal property rights and imperil everyone 's right of ownership '' p.... As regards the removal of confederate monuments essay of such a monument in 1904 by the Daughters. Today ’ s ( 2015 ) slaveholding white men whose substantial bequests to enslaved women and loyal slave ’ death. Negative environment emphasizes, forged his state 's Whig coalition into one of the of... Can affect or influence the alternatives in keeping or removing Confederate monuments must be removed remain! That she feared being removed to a more significant problem than, removing monuments... Chaplain with the book removal of confederate monuments essay title the 66th. similar to intimidation against voting rights of minorities Gilmore. In chattel slavery Pennsylvania ” ( Rogers, 2016, p.3 ) of... 10, 1861 Whig coalition into one of the camp 's population seem to survived! ’ rights debate of whether Confederate monuments son, had escaped in 1852 their country ’ s.! Nathans speculates that she feared being removed to a racist past removal of confederate monuments essay an important step to a New plantation... Provide aid of this essay will not purport to solve any of these issues... each significant. Kentucky Court of Appeals figures prominently in Fathers of Conscience, Jones chose Thomas Satter-white 's!
removal of confederate monuments essay 2021