Information reached the Royal Hakim that required medicine was available with Guru Har Rai. The reason why Ram Rai was superseded has already The reason why Ram Rai was superseded has already been given in the last chapter. My son Dara Shikoh is now very, ill. His remedy is in your hands. For your information, once Guru Har Rai Sahib ji was returning from Malwa and Doaba area, Mohammad Yarbeg Khan attacked his convoy with a thousand armed soldiers. The Guru took some of the animals he had obtained from the chase, freed them and protected them in a zoological garden, which he had made for the recreation of his followers. His death occurred in kartarpur. The rare medicine needed for his ailment was nowhere available. The Qazis’ asked Ram Rai," Ram Rai, your Guru Nanak has written against the Muslim religion. Dara proceeded with great pomp and show to oppose Aurangzeb, and pitched his camp at Samugarh near the margin of the river Chambal. Guru Har Kishen who was the second and the youngest son of Guru Har Rai and Mata Krishan Kaur, was born on 7th of July, 1656 at Kiratpur. It is not known for certain which of Guru Har Rai's wives gave birth to Har Krishan, or his siblings, because of discrepancies in historic accounts. There is no end to their misery.” There is no end to their misery.” “Gobind Rai asked, "What is … At the very outset I beg Thy forgiveness as I At the very outset I beg Thy forgiveness as I venture to express … Sri Guru Ram Das Ji (Gurmukhi: ਗ ਰ ਰ ਮ ਦ ਸ) (Friday 9 October, 1534 - Saturday 16 September, 1581) was the fourth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism.Guru Ji was born in the year of 1534 in the city of Lahore to parents Bhai Hari Das ji and Mata Anup Devi Ji, with the birth name Jetha. When Shah Jahan became ill and showed no signs of recovery, a war of succession broke out. The boys were called Sandlu and Roopa. The whole assembly then rose and did obeisance to the young Guru. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. I will never see you again on account of your infidelity?". Address Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Bhai families of Kaithal and Bagrian were made responsible for missionary work in the land between the Jamna and Satluj rivers. He enlisted twenty thousand men in his army within days at Lahore. Har Rai’s grandfather was Hargobind, the sixth Guru and a great military leader. There was no consecrated space and the food was in every way impure. The Guru took compassion on him and said," He shall become great, famous and wealthy. What type of assistance Dara asked or the Guru gave to Dara, is a big question? He used Baba Farid’s quotation frequently: "All men’s hearts are jewels; to distress them is not at all good; If thou desire the Beloved, distress no one’s heart.". The Guru tried to settle the matter amicably but when Kaura tribe refused to listen, he helped the Mahraj brothers to take forcible possession of a piece of land and settle there. my Beloved Guru Nanak, The Great Jagat Guru, The Enlightener of the World, Thou assumed a luminous form of Guru Gobind Singh Ji as the Tenth Master. He had everything but he lacked a brave heart to fight in the battle-field. After Dara the enemies of the Guru got a chance to poison the mind of Aurangzeb that he had rendered assistance to Dara against him. In 1701 (Bikrami) Guru Ji called his followers and passed on the Guruship to his grandson, Sri Har Rai Ji in their presence. For this I was not to blame. Aurangzeb soon appeared at the head of his own and Murad’s armies and ensued a determined battle. AAP was born in Mata Nihal Kaur's Kukhon, Sish Mahal, Kirtpur, District Roop Nagar. This prophecy has been fulfilled and their descendants owned twenty-two villages called the Bahia. Today we have prepared the food for you; no impurity is attached to it, yet you reject it. AND The ‘Gurgadhi Divas’ (initiation ceremony of becoming the next Sikh Guru), of the ‘8th Sikh Guru’ - ‘Sri Guru Harkrishan Sahib Ji’. It is said that Ram Rai performed seventy miracles. Visit The Sikh Encyclopedia. While on his death bed, Guru Har Krishan was asked who would be his successor to which he simply uttered the words ‘Baba’ and ‘Bakala,’ which implied that the next Guru would be found in Bakala. From there he went to Malwa and visited the tank near Nathana where Guru Har Gobind had fought. Guru Har Rai enjoined all his Sikhs to consider Har Kishen as his image, to put faith in him, and they would obtain salvation. On this account the food was very pure, and I partook of it. When the children arrived in his presence, Phul who was five years old, struck with his hands his own naked belly like a drum. Then came the last question. This sight effected his tender heart and brought tears in his eyes. Ram Rai thus did not alter the original verse but only changed the meaning of it. He seated his younger son, Har Kishen who was only five years old, on Guru Nanak’s throne. After being arrested and imprisoned, Guru Gobind Rai's father, Guru Teg Bahadar, is beheaded by order of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Corrections? He passed away that same evening. Dara himself fled from the battle field. Guru Har Gobind nominated Har Rai, younger brother of Dhir Mal, as his successor before he departed for the heavenly abode on March 3, 1644. The arrival of Guru Har Krishan and even Guru … He sent the necessary medicine which was administered to Dara Shikoh. Go whither your fancy leads you. Upon this Aurangzeb prepared to retaliate and tried to seize the reigns of empire. In the afternoon he used to go to chase. Bhagat Bhagwan was appointed as the incharge of the preaching work in the east, where he along ith his followers, established as many as 360 gaddies (centers) to carry on these efforts. The Guru is hungry for love and not for dainty dishes. See also Guru Har Gobind On another occasion the same Kala, this time on his wife’s insistence, brought his sons to Guru Ji and asked for a boon for them. The Guru replied," The woman with great devotion and faith prepared food for me out of what she had earned from the sweat of her brow. Age of 18, Guru ji … So in order to please the Emperor, Ram Rai replied," Your Majesty, Guru Nanak wrote, ‘Mitti beiman ki’, that is the ashes of the faithless, not of the Musalmans, fall into the potter’s clod. The Emperor, filled with anxiety, sent for astrologers and diviners from every country but of no avail. In one place he has said. The Emperor sent him poisoned robes which he wore but was not hurt. 7,566 talking about this. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Guru Har Rai was the son of Baba Gurdita and Mata Nihal Kaur (also known as Mata Ananti Ji). Aurangzeb succeeded in capturing Dara’s several nobles. Once a man called Bhai Kala brought two of his nephews to the court of Guru Ji. The Guru, having been convinced of the deterioration of Masand system, evolved Bakhshishs or missionary centers. As a youth, Har Rai exhibited great remorse when the robe he wore snagged a rose bush and damaged its petals. Many writers give their own fanciful accounts of the assistance that the Guru gave to Dara. Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib was the son of Guru Hargobind Sahib and son of Baba Gurdita Ji. Kala and Karm Chand, two brothers of Mahraj tribe, came to him to complain that the people of Kaura tribe did not allow them to live among them. How can you aspire to become a holy man? Chaar Sahibzade The word "Sahibzada" means "son" in Punjabi and is a term commonly used to refer to the 4 sons of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru. The Emperor searched for these articles everywhere in his empire but in vain. The third son, Aurangzeb was appointed governor of Dakhan and Murad Bakhsh received the province of Gujrat. World Gurudwaras will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.The etymology of the term ‘gurdwara’ is from the words ‘Gur (ਗੁਰ)’ (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and ‘Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)’ (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning ‘the gateway through which the Guru could be reached’. Sri Guru Har Krishan Ji was born on Sawan Vadi 10, (8 Sawan), Bikrami Samvat 1713, (July 7, 1656) at Kiratpur Sahib. The woman, throbbing with joy, brought out some coarse bread which he partook on horseback, without washing his hands, and relished it very much. Guru Har Rai is notable for maintaining the large army of Sikh soldiers that the sixth Sikh Guru had amassed, yet avoiding military conflict. In view of these circumstances Dara had great regard for him. ‘Mitti Musalman ki peirei paee kumiar; Ghar bhandei itan kia, jaldi karei pukar.’. Bhai Pheru was responsible for the area between the Beas and Ravi rivers. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan . In 1664, Guru Har Krishan’s health was badly affected by smallpox, which ultimately led to his death on March 30, 1664. The Guru had vowed not to see the Emperor. He had all the royal wealth, he had his generals and he had his army of thousand` and thousand of men. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas. Guru Har Rai closed his eyes and went to his heavenly abode on October 6, 1661. The pattern was repeated when Guru Har Rai chose his second son as his successor instead of his eldest son. It is said that he died because he contracted smallpox while successfully curing his followers. Next day the Sikhs prepared dainty dishes with great attention to cleanliness and offered them to the Guru at the same hour. Another center was established in the central districts of Punjab. Updates? The Emperor was shown the sight of Mecca while sitting in Delhi. After that he always walked with his skirts tucked up, and resolved never to harm anything in the world. Guru Har Raihad an older brother; Dhir Mal. Dhir Mal tried to form another party in opposition to the Sikh tradition, but Guru Hargobind (Har Rai’s grandfather), put a swift stop to the opposition and cut Dhir Mal out of the Sikh tradition, turning instead to … Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras. At the age of 5, he became the youngest Guru in Sikhism on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. Marriage - Anandpur on 23, Har, SV year If you give the myrobalan and the clove which are available in your, store, and add to them your prayers, you will confer an abiding favor on me.". He confirmed," The Guruship is like a tigress’s milk which can only be contained in a golden cup. Guru Har Rai learned the medicinal properties of herbs. The ‘Joti Jyot Dihara’ (Death Anniversary) of the ‘7th Sikh Guru - ‘Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji’. The emperor, whole heartily thanked and wanted to grant him some "Jagir", but Guru Sahib never accepted. The younger pair, called the “Chotta Sahibzade” were martyred together The Guru feeling his end approaching thought of his successor and called for a meeting of his Sikhs. At last some one told him that the required items were available in the Guru’s storehouse. Having made his position secure on the throne of Delhi, Aurangzeb embarked on his religious crusade against the Hindus. After India became independent in 1947, these states along with other hundreds of states in the county, were annexed by the Government of India. He was born in Punjab, Mughal Empire (now India). However Guru Ji replied, That was merely a push of that moment, will of God at that time. When asked for the reason, Kala explained that he was hungry and wanted something to eat. ‘The ashes of the Mohammadan fall into the potter’s clod; Vessels and bricks are fashioned from them; they cry out as they burn.’ (Translation of the above), What is the meaning of this?". He was the second son of Guru Har Rai Sahib and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji (Sulakhni Ji). You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. Bhai Aru, Sewa Das, Naik Das, Durga Chand and Suthra Shah were the important priests of the Guru’s times who did missionary work in Kashmir. When Guru Har Gobind moved to Kiratpur, Dhir Mal with his mother, remained at Kartarpur and took possession of the Guru’s property and also of the priceless original copy of the Adi Granth. While Dara Shikoh was on his way to Lahore, the Guru happened to be in Goindwal. His hearers abandoned the worship of cemeteries and cremation grounds, and embraced the simple worship of God. FN-1: It is also said that Ram Rai told Aurangzeb that Guru Nanak did not mean the ashes of Musalman but he ctually meant that of the ‘beiman’, the faithless. Guru Har Gobind had five sons and one daughter. He maintained the sizable order of standing troops that his grandfather had amassed but consistently sought peaceful relations with the reigning Muslim Mughal dynasty. Har Krishan (Kishan) the youngest son of Guru Har Rai Sodhi, and had a brother, Ram Rai, nine years his senior, and a sister, Sarup Kaur, four years older. A noble carried the letter to the Guru at Kiratpur, who commented,"Behold, with one hand man breaks flowers, and with the other he offers them, but flowers perfume both hands alike. Dara, the elder son of Emperor Shah Jehan (r. 1627-1658 AD) fell ill. Inspite of the best efforts of Hakims, he could not be cured. Wives: ***Jito the daughter of Hari Jas of Lahore. On the advice of his grandfather, Guru Har Gobind, he kept twenty-two hundred mounted soldiers. After Aurangzeb questioned him about a line of text in the Adi Granth (the Sikh scripture) that he had found disparaging to Muslims, Ram Rai attempted to appease the emperor by suggesting that the line had been improperly transcribed. Har Rai, seventh Sikh Guru. When Kala and his own sons appeared before the Guru, he told him that he acted in obedience to his wife. Guru Ji gave him the rare medicinne required for the treatment and also sent a pearl, which was to be ground into fine powder and taken with the medicine. He laughed and said,"O Sikhs, I ate food from that woman’s hands because she was holy. In one interview a sheet of cloth was spread over a deep well so that Ram Rai when asked to sit, would fall into the well. Immediately after defeating his brother, Aurangzeb summoned Guru Har Rai to Delhi to explain his role in the civil war. Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji (16 January 1630-20 October 1661) prestigious as the seventh Nanak, was the seventh among the ten gurus of Sikhism. Since Dara ecame governor of Punjab, there were healthy relations between the Emperor and the Guru. Guru Har Rai Ji also visited Lahore, Sialkot, Pathankot, Samba, Ramgarh and many places of Jammu and Kashmir region. He tended to injuries of animals which he found wounded He often went on hunting but never killed any animal. He was brought to Delhi and was executed. Guru Har Gobind nominated Har Rai, younger brother of Dhir Mal, as his successor before he departed for the heavenly abode on March 3, 1644. He came personally to the Guru Sahib and requested for the medicine. It is not what man eats that pleases God, it is man’s devotion that is acceptable to Him.". Be kind enough to explain the reason." Aurangzeb came to Agra and imprisoned his father and his brother Murad, and then proceeded to Delhi. Har Rai was eight years old when his father passed away. Visit Search Gurbani, Encyclopedias encapsulate accurate information in a given area of knowledge and have indispensable in an age which the volume and rapidity of social change are making inaccessible much that outside one’s immediate domain of concentration.At the time when Sikhism is attracting world wide notice, an online reference work embracing all essential facets of this vibrant faithis a singular contribution to the world of knowledge. When he grew up, he carried the same spirit with him. Consecutive wives of Fifth Guru Arjun Dev Raam Devi ji Ganga ji Co-wives of Sixth Guru Har Govind Damodri ji Nankee ji Maha Devi ji. GURU’S PREACHING TOURS: THE GURU, HIS SON RAM RAI AND MUGHAL EMPEROR: Kiratpur Sahib, Ropar, Shah Jahan & Aurangjeb. Just before his death at age 31, Guru Har Rai passed the Gaddi of Nanak on to his younger son, the five-year-old – Guru Har Krishan. Har Rai traveled in the Malwa area, where he converted the local Brar tribes to Sikhism. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Guru Har Rai died on October 6, 1661, and Har Krishan succeeded him as the Sikh Guru on October 7, 1661, becoming the youngest guru in Sikh history. The medicine effected a speedy and complete cure. He guided the Sikhs for about seventeen years, till his death at age 31. Guru Arjan had practically completed the organization of his followers on peaceful lines and under Guru Har Gobind, Sikhism had added into itself an army. Har Rai traveled in the Malwa area, where … Shah Jahan had an order against the Hindu temples while Sikh temples were exempt from such an order. He contracted smallpox in 1664 and died before reaching his eighth birthday. The wise men arrived at a conclusion that until tiger’s whiskers were removed from Dara’s bowls, there was no hope of recovery. He made many disciples. I regret that the same friendly, relations did not subsist between Guru Har Gobind and myself, and that misunderstandings were, caused by the interference of strangers. The Guru replied,"Ram Rai, you have disobeyed my order and sinned. Guru Arjan was arrested under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and asked to convert to Islam. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Baba Attar Singh at Hazoor Sahib : Guru’s Sakhis, Ram Kaur Ji, Krishan Kaur ji, Ram Rai Ji & Harkrishan Sahib Ji, AGE, YEAR & TIME AT GUR GADHI, 03/08/1644, 17 Years and 6 Months. He became the Sikh leader at age 14, on 3 March 1644, after the death of his grandfather and the sixth Sikh leader Guru Hargobind. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Har-Rai, Sikhs.org - The Seventh Master Guru Har Rai. Only he who is ready to devote his life thereto is worthy of it. One day during a ride, the Guru halted and knocked at the door of a poor woman and said,"Good lady, I am very hungry, bring me the bread you have prepared." This post is about Guru Har Rai and his unique leadership of the Sikhs during the turbulence of the 17th century in India. Dara fled towards Lahore. He pitched his camp near Kiratpur and wrote to his father for permission to visit him. Apart from laying emphasis on the free kitchen and religious congregation and faith in the Adi Granth, Guru Har Rai undertook extensive tours in Malwa and Doaba regions of the Punjab. He then placed a coco-nut and five paise before him, circumambulated him three times and had a tilak or patch put on his forehead. He then blessed the woman and cut off the shackles of her transmigration. The sheet did not give way and Ram Rai was miraculously preserved. The Sikhs of Delhi immediately sent an envoy to Kiratpur and informed the Guru of the pomp and honor with which Ram Rai had been received in Delhi, and detailed miracles he had exhibited. Guru Ji was delighted and granted them estates. Visit World Gurudwaras, SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. The Emperor Shah Jahan had four sons, Dara Shikoh, Shuja Mohammad, Aurangzeb, and Murad Bakhsh. Shortly before his death, the Guru named his five-year-old son, Hari Krishen, as his successor instead of Ram Rai. One day Kala with his two nephews, Sandali and Phul, whose father was killed in the battle during Guru Har Gobind’s time, went to visit the Guru. He fled from the field and ultimately was captured through a Pathan who betrayed him. Guru Har Rai was born 16th January 1630,to Baba Gurditta, and Mata Nihal Kaur. ", After Ram Rai had resided in Delhi for some time, he decided to go to Kiratpur and try to convince his father to reverse his decision regarding him. Famous Muslim saint Mian Mir was Dara’s priest from whom he had heard Guru’s praises. Har Rai, (born 1630, Punjab, India—died 1661, Punjab), seventh Sikh Guru. Har Rai excommunicated Ram Rai for this action. See actions taken by the people who manage and post The best physicians were consulted but in vain. He made his second son, Shujah Mohammad, the governor of Bengal. Guru ji was 15 when he got married. The envoy then explained how he had made an alteration in a line of Guru Nanak in order to please the Emperor. They both met. Dara Shikoh who was the heir-apparent, was very dear to his father. Both of them played on their stomachs like on drums. The Sikhs asked,"O true king, yesterday you ate bread on horseback from the hands of an old woman whom you did not know. On one of the Guru’s tours, he stayed at Mukandpur in the present district of Jullundhur. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Ram Rai had won Aurangzeb’s respect so much that he perhaps did not want to displease him and forgot his father’s parting injunctions not to recede from the principles of his religion. Six centers were manned by Suthrashah, Sahiba, Sangata, Mihan Sahib, Bhagat Bhagwan, Bhagat Mal and Jeet Mal. Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji, before his departure for heavenly abode, nominated his grand son, Har Rai Ji at the tender age of 14, as his successor (Seventh Nanak), on 3rd March, 1644. THE GURU, HIS SON RAM RAI AND MUGHAL EMPEROR: The Emperor, Shah Jahan, kept his eldest son Dara Shikoh near him. Guru Har Rai was most magnanimous. From the eldest, Tilok Singh, the Rajas of Nabha and Jind were the descendants. In the matter of love for God, no rule is recognized. The Emperor then conferred a mark of favor on Ram Rai and dissolved the assembly. On the advice of his courtiers the Emperor found it necessary to humble himself before the Guru, and accordingly addressed him the following letter: "Your predecessor, the holy Baba Nanak granted sovereignty to Emperor Babar, the founder of my, dynasty; Guru Angad was exceedingly well disposed to his son, Emperor Humayun; and Guru Amar, Das removed many difficulties from my grandfather Akbar’s path. Whatever valuable offerings were made to him, he used to spend on his guests. There the animals would be given due care and released in the wild after they had recovered. One day as a child, while passing through a garden, his loose flowing robes damaged some flowers and scattered their petals on the ground. After seventy such miracles were shown, Aurangzeb was almost convinced of Ram Rai’s powers and became friendly to him. It is said that Aurangzeb administered tiger’s whiskers in a dainty dish to Dara Shikoh who became dangerously ill as a consequence. Guru Hargobind died at Kiratpur Rupnagar, Punjab, on 28 February 1644, but before his death, he rejected his eldest grandson Dhir Mal's politics, and nominated Guru Har Rai (Dhir Mal's younger brother) instead to succeed him as the Guru. The faces of the faithless and not of the Musalmans, shall be blackened in both worlds." He remained for some time at Nathana preaching to the people, and Kala and his friends frequently waited on him. His food was very simple, he did not desire dainty dishes. Co-wives of Seventh Guru Har Rai Sulakhni ji, (Kishan/Krishan Kaur) Kot Kalyani (Sunita) 7 daughters of Daya Ram, Toki, Anokhi, Ladiki, Chand Kaur, Prem Kar, Ram Kaur, and Punjab Kaur. Gurudwaras, SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore experience! 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Moment, will of God at that time Kosh, and Mata Krishan Kaur Ji ( Ji. Jind were the descendants Rai was superseded has already been given in the war. Survives as a consequence Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh, and embraced the simple worship of God at time! Been made to follow citation style rules, there were healthy relations the. Have disobeyed my order and sinned called the Bahia, Shuja Mohammad, Aurangzeb and! '' O Sikhs, I ate food from that woman ’ s hands because she was holy s tours he. On this account the food was very short, only 31 years old when his father the did.