Infant Mortality is defined as the number of deaths in infants under one year of age per 1,000 live births. Age-adjusted death rates for non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black adults aged 25 and over declined from 2000 to 2011–2012, but remained stable through 2017. The age-adjusted death rate for Hispanic adults aged 25 and over declined 21% from 2000 (995.1 per 100,000 standard population) through 2017 (784.4). Phone: 916-734-9040 Infant Mortality Rates by Race -- States and Outlying Areas: 1980 to 2004 Back to data HEADNOTE See notes As cited on kidsdata.org, Infant mortality rate, by race/ethnicity. Designations such as "bi-racial," "nonwhite," or … In 2010, the infant mortality rate for the state of California was 4.7 per 1,000 births. Visit our Kidsdata News archive for examples. IMR is a standardized measurement of deaths in the first year of life per thousand live births. In 2017, the infant mortality rate for Puerto Ricans was 40 percent higher than for non-Hispanic whites. Mothers over the age of 40 were associated with 5.6% of the total cases of infant deaths. The infant mortality rate is regarded as a highly sensitive measure of population health because there is an association between the causes of infant mortality and Data from the National Vital Statistics System 1. JAMA Pediatrics. Files from a total of 4,503,197 single births, with 19,301 infant deaths, were reviewed. Between 2000 and 2017, the difference in age-adjusted death rates between non-Hispanic white and Hispanic adults aged 25 and over widened, w… In 2010, the infant mortality rate for the state of California was 4.7 per 1,000 births.2 The infant mortality rate for Medi-Cal members in 2010 was slightly higher at 5.5 per 1,000.3 Infant mortality rates varied by race/ethnicity with African Americans and people classified as “Other” or “Unknown” A U.S. News high-performing hospital in heart failure care, COPD, gastroenterology & GI surgery, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), aortic aneurysm repair, lung cancer surgery and colon cancer surgery. In 2017, the infant mortality rate for the black babies was 10.97, more than twice the rate among Asian, White, and Hispanic babies and nearly double the national rate. “Our study showed that taking steps to reduce infant mortality is likely to have a spillover effect on improving the overall health of the population in generations to come.”. Three quarters of the hospitals in California participated in the learning groups. The graph above shows maternal mortality by race. While infant mortality rates (IMR) decreased overall from 2007 to 2015 in California, disparities in infant death rates have increased in some groups, including among obese mothers, those who smoke and African American women, according to a new study published in PLOS One. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ↑Top "Deaths: Final Data for 2006", Vol 57, No. Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs. California’s infant mortality rate is lower than the nation’s and has reached a record low.1 Infant mortality is an important indicator of the overall health and well-being of the population. The Kaiser Family Foundation website provides in-depth information on key health policy issues including Medicaid, Medicare, health reform, global health, HIV/AIDS, health insurance, the uninsured … Infant mortality is often used as an indicator to measure the health and well-being of a community, because factors affecting the health of entire populations can also impact the mortality rate of infants. . California's infant mortality rate declined by 40% between 1994 and 2016, from 7 infant deaths per 1,000 births to 4.2 per 1,000. Researchers analyzed 1.8 million hospital birth records in Florida from 1992 to 2015 and identified the race of the doctor. Los Angeles County, 2003 -2013 . Regular emails featuring notable data findings and new features. Public education focusing on maternal obesity and smoking cessation may also make a positive impact on all aspects of infant mortality. Number of deaths among children under age 1 per 1,000 live births (e.g., in 2016, the mortality rate among California infants was 4.2 deaths per 1,000 births). . • The infant mortality rate for Los Angeles County has 2. Infant Mortality is defined as the number of deaths in infants under one year of age per 1,000 live births. The study analyzed files from more than 4.5 million single births in California from 2007-2015. (2020). Infant Mortality in the United States, 2017, NVSR Vol 68, No. .  |  About Us (2014). How Can California Reduce Disparities in Maternal and Infant Health? HP 2020 OBJECTIVE The Healthy People 2020 Objective is to reduce the infant mortality rate to no more than 6.0 per 1,000 live births. JAMA Pediatrics. National Vital Statistics Reports. Infants with low birth weight and preterm birth were more than six times and almost four times more likely to die than infants who had normal births, respectively. ASIAN/PACIFIC ISLANDER. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 7,000 black children died before their first birthday, of which the majority of the children (5.85 deaths/1,000 live births) died within the one week of their birth. of Public Health: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Program, California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative, California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Before Pregnancy, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Infant Mortality, National Institute for Children's Health Quality, Sudden Unexpected Infant Death and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, U.S. Dept. Infant Mortality* by Race Los Angeles County 2000-2007 WHITE HISPANIC AFRICAN AMERICAN ASIAN/PACIFIC ISLANDER • The Healthy People 2010 objective is to reduce the infant mortality rate to no more than 4.5 per 1,000 live births. Infants of women with bachelor’s degrees or higher were 89% less likely to die, compared to women with less than a high school education. . A detailed summary of findings on racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality across the nation is available at CNN.com. JAMA Pediatrics. © 2014 UC Regents. Infant mortality is strongly associated with socioeconomic status in Canada: Infant mortality rate by income Footnote * By income Rate per 1 000 live births (birth weight 500+ g) Lowest income: 4.7 : Data by race and ethnicity indicate the maternal race/ethnicity (not the race/ethnicity of the infant). The rate of maternal deaths in California in 1999 was 7.7 deaths per 100,000 live births and by 2006 it was 16.9 deaths per 100,000 live births. U.S. Dept.  |  Careers WHITE. A home visiting program serving low-income, first-time mothers in high-risk communities is one strategy to reduce infant mortality. The IMR reflects broad socioeconomic conditions, the educational status of the population, maternal behaviors and the quality and accessibility of medical services. . Rates not shown for counties with less than 5 infant deaths Source: 2013 Birth and Death Statistical Master Files Prepared by: California Department of Public Health, Center for Family Health, Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Program The study speculates that the most effective health interventions may be social and public health initiatives that mitigate disparities in sociodemographic, economic and behavioral risks for mothers. Beginning with 2013 data, County Data Snapshots include the top 35 birthing counties in the state; regional MIHA data include births from all counties within a given geographical area. NCHS Data Brief. For infants of non-Hispanic black women, the mortality rate ranged from 8.27 in Massachusetts to 14.… Race entries usually are tabulated as stated on the death certificate. The infant mortality rate is the number of infant deaths per every 1,000 live births. McBrayer, S. L., et al. As part of its commitment to reduce health inequities, the state has launched a Health Equity Dashboard on www.covid19.ca.gov that tracks California’s health equity measure and data by race and ethnicity, sexual orientation, and gender identity.. CDPH updates data tables on race/ethnicity weekly. Racial, socioeconomic disparities fuel increased infant mortality rates ... Children of African American women had almost twice the risk of infant mortality when compared with children of white women. San Diego Children’s Initiative. (2015). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Other co-authors on the study are Ronald A. Dieckmann of UC San Francisco; Henry C. Lee and Jeffrey B. Gould of Stanford University;  Steven S. Parry and Ralph J. DiLibero of California Department of Health Care Services; and Vivi N. Arief, Ian H. DeLacy and Kaye E. Basford of The University of Queensland. For infants of Hispanic women, the mortality rate varied from 3.94 in Iowa to 7.28 in Michigan. 3. California Dept.  |  Contact Us, Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, Institute for Population Health Improvement, Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing Research, Clinical and Translational Science Center, Human Subjects Research - IRB Administration, Center for Professional Practice of Nursing, Center for Simulation and Education Enhancement, Graduate Medical Education – Residencies and Fellowships, Research Education and Career Development, All UC Davis Health Staff Job Opportunities, School of Medicine Residency and Fellowship Programs. . Among the 50 states and the District of Columbia (D.C.), the mortality rate for infants of non-Hispanic white women ranged from 2.52 in D.C. to 7.04 in Arkansas. COVID-19 Race and Ethnicity Data January 13, 2021. infant mortality rate in the U.S. is two times higher for blacks than for whites. Data from the National Vital Statistics System 1. “This report provides recent state-level data that can inform efforts to lessen state and race-specific infant mortality rates,” the authors write. . (2019). Data by race and ethnicity indicate the maternal race/ethnicity (not the race/ethnicity of the infant). In 2013, African Americans comprised 7.3% (9,319) of all (2018). Statewide Data Snapshots are available by maternal characteristics such as race/ethnicity, income, prenatal health insurance, maternal age, and education. Fetal Mortality Infant Mortality (based on separate death and birth files) Table 25. (2015). The goal of this study was to better clarify the maternal and infant predictors of infant deaths in California. Infant Mortality per Year (California & U.S. Only), by Age and Cause (California & U.S. Only), by Race/Ethnicity and Cause (California & U.S. Only), Preterm Births: Last Menstrual Period (LMP) Estimates of Gestation, Infants Whose Mothers Received Prenatal Care in the First Trimester, https://www.hrsa.gov/advisorycommittees/mchbadvisory/InfantMortality/About/natlstrategyrecommendations.pdf, https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr63/nvsr63_05.pdf, https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/maternalinfanthealth/infantmortality.htm, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, https://www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/CFH/DGDS/Pages/nbs, https://www.mchlibrary.org/toolkits/infant-mortality.php, https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/138/5/e20162938, https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/MaternalInfantHealth/PretermBirth.htm, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4480361, Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs (AMCHP), California Dept. Infant mortality rates statewide have followed but remained lower than U.S. rates over this period. The study analyzed files from more than 4.5 million single births in California from 2007-2015. MacDorman, M. F., et al. “Infant mortality is a widely-reported indicator of population health, which can potentially be reduced by addressing racial/ethnic and geographic disparities and morbidities of clinical significance,” said Anura Ratnasiri, first author and research scientist at the State of California’s Department of Health Care Services. Maternal mortality includes deaths due to a variety of causes related to pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium. Mathews, T. J., et al. Infant Mortality, 1990s; Table 27. 31 There are 5.1 infant deaths per 1,000 … Phone: 916-734-9706. Infants of mothers who smoked during the first and second trimester of pregnancy were 75% more likely to die than infants of nonsmokers. All Rights Reserved The California AIAN infant mortality rate has remained high, while overall infant mortality in California has declined steadily since 2005, suggesting that AIAN infants are not equally benefiting from social and medical advances that have reduced infant mortality for other California populations. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The infant mortality rate for infants of non-Hispanic black women was 2.5 times higher than the rate for infants of Hispanic women. 14, April 2009; and National Center for Health Statistics, historical data. While the infant mortality rate in Canada has improved over the past few decades, this improvement is not equally distributed. © 2021 Lucile Packard Foundation for Children's Health. Khan, S. Q., et al. NCHS Data Brief. Olds, D. L., et al.  |  Despite California’s success at cutting the state’s overall maternal mortality rate in half between 2005 (from 13.1 per 100,000 to 7.0 in 2013), racial disparities persist. Researchers analyzed 1.8 million hospital birth records in Florida from 1992 to 2015 and identified the race of the doctor. Infants born to mothers under the age of 20 represented 10.9% of infant deaths. While infant mortality rates (IMR) decreased overall from 2007 to 2015 in California, disparities in infant death rates have increased in some groups, including among obese mothers, those who smoke and African American women, according to a new study published in PLOS One.. Though infant mortality rates are 40 percent lower than they were 60 years ago, racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality rates persist.3 The purpose of this analysis is to identify states within the U.S. where infant deaths are Importance: The United States has higher infant and youth mortality rates than other high-income countries, with striking disparities by racial/ethnic group. of Public Health, Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Division. In 2010, the infant mortality rate for the state of California was 4.7 per 1,000 births.2 The infant mortality rate for Medi-Cal members in 2010 was slightly higher at 5.5 per 1,000.3 Infant mortality rates varied by race/ethnicity with African Americans and people classified as “Other” or “Unknown” In 2013–2015, the infant mortality rate by state ranged from 4.28 per 1,000 live births in Massachusetts to 9.08 in Mississippi. Maternal mortality includes deaths due to a variety of causes related to pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium. The infant mortality rate for Los Angeles County has remained stable around 4.3 to 5.4 with an average of 4.9 infant deaths per 1,000 live births between 2003 and 2013. . 31 There are 5.1 infant deaths per 1,000 … Understanding changing trends by age and race/ethnicity for leading causes of death is imperative for focused intervention. Infant mortality . The new report showed that, from 2013 through 2015, the infant mortality rate in the US ranged from 9.08 deaths per 1,000 infants born alive in Mississippi -- which had the highest rate-- … Lucile Packard Foundation for Children's Health. (650) 497-8365. Infant mortality rates varied by race/ethnicity with African Americans and people classified as “Other” or “Unknown” of Health and Human Services. . While infant mortality rates (IMR) decreased overall from 2007 to 2015 in California, disparities in infant death rates have increased in some groups, including among obese mothers, those who smoke and African American women, according to a new study published in PLOS One. Tricia Tomiyoshi 3. 3. (2020). California requires newborn screenings for potentially fatal genetic diseases, as early identification and treatment can help avert long-term health consequences and even death (1). (2014). Infant mortality is often used as an indicator to measure the health and well-being of a community, because factors affecting the health of entire populations can also impact the mortality rate of infants. 2003-2004 data: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from the Multiple Causes of Death Public Use Files for 2003-2004 CD-Rom and 2003-2004 Natality Data Set CD Series 21 (ASCII version), National Center for Health Statistics. Maternal and Child Health Digital Library. 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