On 21 October, Trento was moved to Taranto, and she was present in the harbor on the night of 11–12 November, when the British raided the port. 282,559 Pages. The Regia Marina Trento Class cruiser comprised of the Trento, Trieste and arguably the Bolzano. Required fields are marked *. For close quarters, the transalpine cruisers carried four twin 533 mm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes launchers inside the hull, fixed and above water. HD color Photo of the 3rd cruiser division – Unknown origin (pinterest); The story of Trento started with a delayed launched, initially planned for the 4 September 1927. On 21–22 June 1944, British and Italian frogmen used ‘Chariot’ manned torpedoes and sank Bolzano and attacked Gorizia. Trento-class cruiser. The issue analysed later was the poor quality control of ammunition. At that time, Trento was stationed in Messina, once again the flagship of the 3rd Division. As designed, and even in initial plans, the yard claimed it was possible for the ships to reach 40 knots, something unheard of in 1924. Most of the crew were not on board or had time to escape, but still, she ship trapped 66 men including 10 officers, and about the same number wounded. She differed from her earlier sisters, but still was woeefully underprotected. The ship was laid down in February 1925, launched in October 1927, and was commissioned in April 1929. Wikis. She deplored two KIA and had a jammed rudder to port. After repairs, Trieste was back in the 3rd division, with Bolzano and Gorizia, which was added to eight destroyers and departed in August 1942 to intercept a British convoy but the operation was cancelled after Bolzano was torpedoed, as one destroyer. She toure eastern Mediterranean again until March 1935, stopping notably at Rhodes and Leros. Trento is the lead ship of the first Italian class of so-called ‘Treaty Cruisers’, constructed for the Regia Marina in the mid 1920’s. by Robert Hansen August 20, 2019. by Robert Hansen August 20, 2019. Less than a month later, on 16 December, Trento joined most of the other heavy units of the fleet to escort two large convoys to Benghazi and Tripoli. With 196.96 m (646 ft 2 in) long overall (190 meters or 623 ft 4 in between perpendiculars) for a beam of 20.6 m (67 ft 7 in) and a draft of 6.8 m (22 ft 4 in) they were long and narrow with a ratio of just 1/10, like destroyers. Another naval review was held in the Gulf of Naples on 27 November 1936, to honor the Regent of Hungary, Miklós Horthy, who was visiting Italy at the time. In December she was part of the 2nd Division, the 1st Squadron (The Zara class formed the 1s division by then). In early 1940 a refit saw the fitting of funnel caps. Now the Navy officer and entrepreneur hopes to inspire. For Forty minutes, Trento fired 204 AP shells on the British ships but filed to score significant hits. Group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina in the late 1920s and the early 1930s. Ansaldo & C. yard for a construction contract, the admiralty was pressed to pass an order, and to gain time a development, this became a third modified Trento, at the time the Zara design was completed. When Italy declared war on Britain and France, Pola has replaced Trieste as squadron flagship, 3rd Division. In 1942, Trento was given four extra single 20 mm (0.79 in) 65-cal. Trieste was maintained however on the naval register until 18 October 1946 as there were hopes to salvage and repair the sunken cruiser, which never materialized. The ships were named after military commanders (condottieri) of Italian history.Each class is known after the first ship of the group: Therefore, the Trento, Trieste and Bolzano escaped any damage. Trieste, Trento, and Bolzano were attacked again while returning as the night fell. [13] Her rapid sinking doomed many of her crew, with some 549 men out of a wartime complement of 51 officers and 1,100 enlisted going down with the ship. However on 22 March 1942, she teamed with the battleship Littorio, and the only Zara-class left, the Gorizia, plus the light cruiser Giovanni delle Bande Nere and destroyers. Heavy Cruiser R.N. From 5 to 19 June, Trento joined the rest of the fleet in Livorno for the first celebration of Navy Day on 10 June. On 27 March, the division, now under Rear Admiral Luigi Sansonetti headed for the island of Crete, hoping to catch a British convoy. Home … However in service conditions and fully loaded, normal use of the powerplant, 120,000 shp (89,000 kW) was the projected figure, which gave a more reasonable 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph) at the optimal displacement. She made another cruise in the eastern Mediterranean from 8 to 20 March 1935, during which she made calls in Rhodes and Leros. Trento is an Italian city.. Trento may also refer to: . [13], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}36°10′00″N 18°40′00″E / 36.1667°N 18.6667°E / 36.1667; 18.6667, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Italian_cruiser_Trento&oldid=1007685757, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 11:35. Treaty Cruisers: The First International Warship Building Competition. Storage capacity was 2,214 metric tons of fuel oil. A third could be mounted on the catapult. The Fire control system however was standard, also British in origin, two pairs of Barr & Stroud 5 m (16 ft) coincidence rangefinders installed fore and aft, to serve both turret groups, three on the forward tripod and a single one on the superstructure aft. Fully loaded it reached 13,334 long tons (13,548 t). The hull length was slightly shorter as well. This video is unavailable. On trials the tripod would prove to vibrate excessively, which doomed all precision fire control and targeting devices. Big Gun Battles: Warship Duels of the Second World War. 100 mm was barely enough, with a few artificial millimetres provided by the relative slope, and high-tensile hardened steel use, to stand the impact of a 6-in round. Electricity came from two generators generating a total of 1,080 kilowatts (1,450 hp), running barbettes, turrets, fire directors, etc. Trento frequently served as the flagship of the Cruiser Division throughout the 1930s. [5], The ship participated in another fleet review on 5 May 1938, this one held in honor of German dictator Adolf Hitler's state visit to Italy. In the Second Battle of Sirte, the four ships attacked Convoy MW10, but the British escorts—four light cruisers and eighteen destroyers—prevented the Italians from attacking the merchant ships. Walter E. Piatt; Project maintenance. The following day, the fleet encountered British forces covering a merchant ship steaming to Malta, leading to the inconclusive First Battle of Sirte. The Trento class were sleek, sea greyhounds. She was the fourth of four ships in this class (Zara, Fiume, and Gorizia were the other three), and she was built in the Odero Terni Orlando shipyard in Livorno in 1930, entering service in 1932. Traverse and elevation was electrically operated, including the ammunition hoists. In October she left her operating based in Messina with the 10th Destroyer Squadron to join an Italian convoy in Cadiz, Spain. Hogg, Gordon E. & Wiper, Steve (2004). She was commissioned on 3 April 1929 and became the flagship of the Cruiser Division, cruising the northern Mediterranean with the Trieste. This included a longer 203-millimeter (8.0 in) main gun and more powerful boilers, and crucially a stepped up forecastle deck instead of a flush deck hull. Heavy cruiser. This started a wild fire in the forward boiler rooms, soon flooded. English: The Italian Trento-class cruiser ships Trento, Trieste and Bolzano served in World War II. At 06:55 on 28 March, Vittorio Veneto’s IMAM Ro.43 located a British cruiser squadron. In October-December, when the war broke out, she was in drydock for a refit, with armament modifications, funnel caps installed and other alterations. On 28 January 1932, Trento steamed to Gaeta, where she and the destroyer Espero took on a contingent from the San Marco Battalion. The following day, Trento and the rest of the 3rd Division joined the 6th Division for a patrol in the Strait of Sicily, where they laid a minefield. In October, she became the flagship of the 1st Squadron and was overhauled in May or June 1931 in La Spezia for the same reasons as her sister ship. She would be commissioned in August 1933, like the last of the Zara class, and among the last Italian heavy cruisers (the tonnage was capped by the London treaty). Lessons were learned since the first Trentos and even the Zara class (but Gorizia). The cruiser was cannibalized as well as Gorizia. Outside of the hull, the Bolzano also differed by its superstructure, which was entirely revised: Instead of stacked bridges around a tripod, she has a single massive structure which wrapped the tripod mast, bridges, and front funnel and was appreciated as larger and roomier. Trieste was attacked during the night of 11–12 November in Tarento by swordfish but was not hit as the latter concentrated on battleships. Each vessel carried two IMAM Ro.43 seaplanes for reconnaissance duties. Attack Boat, Headhunter Introduces New Model to its Tidal Wave HMX Line, Focus U.S. Navy Aircraft Carriers On China, Not Persian Gulf, LCS shipbuilder president resigns amid US and Australian financial investigations, Forging a Plan: Women and Minority Inclusivity in Military Leadership, MMP missile fired with target designation provided by UAV. The 6-inch-gun-armed British cruisers were outmatched both by the Italian heavy cruisers and Vittorio Veneto, and they quickly reversed course. In the ensuing Battle of Calabria, Trento engaged British cruisers and was heavily attacked by British aircraft, though she emerged undamaged. Category:Trento-class cruisers | Military Wiki | Fandom. Her hull was slightly shorter at 187.6 meters (615 ft) between perpendiculars, 196.9 m (646 ft) overall but with the same beam of 20.6 m (68 ft) and 6.8 m (22 ft) draft. At an empty load, they displaced 10,344 long tons, but on a full load, this increased to 13,334 tons. From October to December, the ship underwent a major refit, which included modifications to her armament and the installation of funnel caps. This forced her in a tight circle, but this was repaired, fortunately for her as she was later attacked by Italian planes by mistake. Her standard displacement was 10,890 long tons (11,060 t), 13,665 long tons (13,884 t) fully loaded. The Trento class was an Italian heavy cruiser design of the Regia Marina from the late 1920s. She was the last of four ships in this class (Zara, Fiume e Gorizia were the other three), built in the Odero Terni Orlando shipyard in Livorno in 1930 she entered service in 1932. She later teamed with Gorizia and 12th Destroyer Squadron, finding heavy British night air attacks. Trento was very lightly armored, with only a 70 mm (2.8 in) thick armored belt, though she possessed a high speed and heavy armament of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns. Trento was stopped, destroyers laying a smoke screen to hide her from other attacking planes. The main conning tower had 100 mm thick sides. Search This wiki This wiki All wikis | Sign In Don't have an account? The vertical armored belt ran from 8 m (26 ft) forward of the first main turret to 5 m (16 ft) aft of the rearmost main turret. She sortied to try to catch a British convoy (Operation Hats) but was recalled off without spotting any ship. Oct 22, 2017 - RMN Bolzano was a last Trento-class heavy cruiser built for the Italian Regia Marina Navy in the early 1930's. They were indeed very close together. Trento class [cruiser] translation in English - German Reverso dictionary, see also 'tent',tormentor',treetop',trend', examples, definition, conjugation While the two sides were still maneuvering, a group of British torpedo bombers from Crete arrived and unsuccessfully attacked Trento and the rest of her division shortly after 12:00. (yahoo.image) At this stage Italy has already collapsed and the Germans never had the manpower or equipment to do so. Sea trials showed Trieste reaching 35.65 knots (66.02 km/h; 41.03 mph), Trento 34 knots, on the very light displacement. Two Italian Trento-class heavy cruisers alongside ocean liners in the port of Genoa, May 14-16th 1938. She was repaired for three months. But the success was cut short by the closing of the battlecruiser HMS Renown. Every 9 (6) times the main battery is fired, triggers Full Barrage - Trento-class I (II). During the attack, a single bomb hit the ship, though it failed to explode. Detail of the bridge, 1935 – src: history-navy.mil. Places. The powerplant was rated at 150,000 shaft horsepower total (110,000 kW). Trieste. With the standard 8-in caliber and practice of the time, the conventional solution of four twin turret, in two superfiring and deck positions was chosen. English: The Italian Trento-class cruiser ships Trento, Trieste and Bolzano served in World War II. Trento class Heavy Cruisers - 4x2 8" guns, 6x2 3.9" guns, 4x2 21" torpedo tubes Bolzano class Heavy Cruisers - 4x2 8" guns, 8x2 3.9" guns, 4x2 21" torpedo tubes Cadorna class Light Cruisers - 4x2 6" guns, 3x2 3.9" guns, 2x2 21" torpedo tubes Montecuccoli class Light Cruisers - 4x2 6" guns, 3x2 3.9" guns, 2x2 21" torpedo tubes These figures bring some controversy, not at the time, but later, as the Washington treaty in some way obliged such compromises. On 10 April 1943, Trieste was mostly inactive since months at La Maddalena, Sardinia. Bolzano was a cruiser similar to Trento-class and in 1937 underwent to several modifications. On their return, they were attacked by the RAF, but without success. These were not aviation torpdoes but standard 21-in ones, with an explosive power almost double. Trento was very lightly armored, with only a 70 mm (2.8 in) thick armored belt, though she possessed a high speed and heavy armament of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns. The three ships of the class were named after the three unredeemed cities taken from the Austro-Hungarian empire after the victory in World War I, Trento, Trieste, and Bolzano. She escorted the Duisberg convoy on 8–9 November (with Trieste), being attacked by by British warships on their way, and failed to protect the convoy. From July, Trento headed for South America and visited Cape Verde, Rio de Janeiro, Santos, Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Bahía Blanca, Las Palmas, and back to the Mediterranean, Tangiers, and home on 10 October. The convoy was attacked by British warships in the early hours of 9 November, though the covering force failed to intervene and the convoy was destroyed. The Trento is tied with the IJN Kako, Tone, and Mogami as the fastest heavy cruisers in-game at a speed of 65 km/h at full speed. Seventeen minutes later, the Italian cruisers opened fire from a range of 24,000 yd (22,000 m), initiating the first phase of the Battle of Cape Matapan; in the span of the next forty minutes, Trento fired a total of 204 armor-piercing shells, though trouble with her rangefinders and the extreme range of the action prevented her from scoring any significant hits. Forward superfiring turrets on the Trieste. Trento class heavy cruiser | Naval Front-Line Wiki | Fandom. Italian heavy cruiser Trieste in Mar Grande, Taranto, early 1930s. While the “Trento” class (Trento and Trieste) was still under construction, within the high command Regia Marina dissent began to mount over the choices made during the design phase. The latter were trunked into just two funnels of unequal size. It was an imbalaced design sacrificing armor for speed. The Trento is tied with the IJN Kako, Tone, and Mogami as the fastest heavy cruisers in-game at a speed of 65 km/h at full speed. The project of a high-speed cruiser with 203 mm main guns, designed under the Washington Naval Treaty limitations. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. During the pre-war period, she also made lengthy trips abroad, including a tour of South America from May to October 1929 and a deployment to China from January to June 1932 to protect Italian nationals during the Chinese Civil War. Their wartime career was eventful, they participated in the battles of Calabria, Cape Spartivento, and Cape Matapan. The Pola was a Zara-class heavy cruiser of the Italian Regia Marina operating during the Second World War. From January 1932 she teamed with the destroyer Espero to carry a contingent from the San Marco Battalion bound for China (Italian Far East Division). Fioravanzo, Giuseppe (1970). Trento class Heavy Cruisers - 4x2 8" guns, 6x2 3.9" guns, 4x2 21" torpedo tubes Bolzano class Heavy Cruisers - 4x2 8" guns, 8x2 3.9" guns, 4x2 21" torpedo tubes Cadorna class Light Cruisers - 4x2 6" guns, 3x2 3.9" guns, 2x2 21" torpedo tubes Montecuccoli class Light Cruisers - 4x2 6" guns, 3x2 3.9" guns, 2x2 21" torpedo tubes The main armored deck was 50 mm thick in the central citadel (starting from the forward and aft barbettes), down to 20 mm (0.79 in) on the hull’s ends. They fired two types of shells: The 125-kilogram (276 lb) model (muzzle velocity 905 mps (2,970 ft/s)), with separated propellant charge. Another later model was reduced to 118 kg (260 lb) but at a lower, 840 m/s (2,800 ft/s) muzzle velocity (reduced charge). Watch Queue Queue. Tactically they had to escape battleships while posing a threat to all other types of vessels, preferably light cruisers as their protection was already barely sufficient against 6-in shells. Of those, 21 men later died of their wounds. Length: 646ft 2in / 196.96m (oa); 623ft 4in / 190m (pp). Camouflage Liveries of the Trento, Trieste and Bolzano from model kits, pinterest (montage). The gun turrets had 100 mm (3.9 in) thick plating on the faces and the supporting barbettes they sat in were 60 to 70 mm (2.4 to 2.8 in) thick. [5], On 26 November, Trento sortied with the fleet,[7] in an attempt to intercept another convoy to Malta. Breda M1940 guns in single mounts. The Trento class was a group of two heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s, the first such vessels built for the Italian fleet. On 22 March 1942, Trento joined the battleship Littorio, the cruisers Gorizia and Giovanni delle Bande Nere, and several destroyers in an attempt to intercept a British convoy. The new design incorporated improvements from the Zara design indeed. Kongo-class (1914) Battlecruiser; Nevada Class Battleship; … During one of the latter missions to attack the British Operation Harpoon convoy in June 1942, Trento was torpedoed twice, first by a Bristol Beaufighter torpedo bomber and then sunk by the submarine HMS Umbra with very heavy loss of life. The idea was to allow at a division to be least two-cruisers strength when the third was in drydock. Her armor deck was 50 mm (2.0 in) thick in the central portion of the ship and reduced to 20 mm (0.79 in) at either end. The Trentos were the first ships designed specifically to the limitations of the Washington Naval … Though nominally built under the restrictions of the Washington Naval Treaty, the two cruisers significantly exceeded the displacement limits imposed by the treaty. Indeed, some Swordfish were loaded with bombs, intending to hit the three cruisers, but all three commanders decided to hold their fire, so to not lightened up the ships. Share. Aside the light Giussano class designed to catch up French large destroyers, Italy still had to design its first 8-in cruisers. [9] Shortly after 12:00, Italian reconnaissance reports informed the Italian fleet commander, Vice Admiral Inigo Campioni of the strength of the British fleet, and so he ordered his ships to disengage. Completed to a slightly different design. Trento and Trieste were the first of the Italian World War 2 heavy cruisers to be built, commissioned in 1927 and 1926 respectively. [6] While on the way back, British aircraft attacked the Italian cruisers without success. Bolzano was was launched on 31 August 1932, completed on 19 August 1933 and commissioned. Between the end of 1928 and the beginning of 1929 studies were conducted for the construction of a new cruiser of the "Trento" type improved on the basis of the directives made by a specific Commission for the construction of the new units, chaired by the Undersecretariat of State of the Navy. guns, all in twin mounts, and four Vickers-Terni 40 mm/39 guns in single mounts. The forward superstructure was supported by a tripod mast, supporting utility bridge whereas the main command bridge was just one step above the superfiring main turret. In July 1941, this cost her three months of repairs, and in August 1942, this ended the her career. 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