Orders of Battle and Organizations - All dates on this site are given thus: day . The brigade headquarters would now only have 8 tanks allocated to it, while the regimental headquarters remained the same, but they were each given four anti-aircraft tanks. All Sherman equipped units, including the 7th Armoured Division's sabre squadrons but excluding the Armoured Reconnaissance Regiments, were equipped with Sherman Fireflys; 36 were generally provided to each brigade, enough to equip each troop with one. The Mobile Division, supported Territorial Army Motor divisions each of two motorised infantry brigades supported by two artillery regiments but no tanks, was to then to create a breakthrough. 1 Dywizja Pancerna (1st Polish Division) Commander: General Stanislaw Maczek. 14 Light Anti-aircraft Regiment RA 1.2. Fought as an independent armoured brigade, under, Fought as an independent armoured brigade, under Eighth Army and, Became an independent formation in June 1942, Detached from 7th Armoured Division at the end of 1941, Reorganized as an independent armoured brigade on 19 November 1942, Reorganised as an independent formation from 19 March 1942 till 12 November 1942, then again from 28 May 1943, An independent formation from 24 April 1942 until it was disbanded, never saw service outside of the United Kingdom, Reorganised as an independent formation on 12 July 1942, Reorganised as an independent formation on 15 October 1943, under I Corps, to lead Normandy landings, Formed from the 34th Tank Brigade and acted as an independent unit from formation. [42], The two basic armoured brigades at the start of the war were the light and the heavy brigade. Since relocating to Fort Bliss, Texas, the division has been reorganized under the new modular design, in which the deployable unit of maneuver is a brigade, rather than a division. [17] In the United Kingdom, the 7th Armoured Division was re-equipped with Cromwell tanks, the only division to use them as their main battle tank - the others would use M4 Sherman tanks. This site is created and maintained by Dr. Leo Niehorster. The mixed regiments were laid out the same except with one squadron made up of Grants and two squadrons made up of Crusader tanks bringing the total to 48 tanks; 36 Crusaders, and 12 Grants. Organic Composition of Divisions, Infantry, Organic Composition of Divisions, Armored, Organic Composition of Divisions, Airborne, D. Table - Index to Organic Units By Branch and Number, E. Table - Organization and Strength -- Infantry Division, F. Table - Organization and Strength -- Armored Division, G. Table - Organization and Strength - Airborne Division, I. 44 Royal Tank Regiment 1. both equipped with minesweeping Matilda tanks 1. Headquarters Company:14 Officers, 159 other ranks 1.1. This has been called "the 90-Division Gamble". The 2nd Armored Division ("Hell on Wheels") was an armored division of the United States Army.The division played an important role during World War II in the invasions of North Africa and Sicily and the liberation of France, Belgium, and the Netherlands and the invasion of Germany. [5], Following the outbreak of war, the headquarters of the 2nd Armoured Division was activated on 15 December 1939. The Division fought numerous actions in North Africa, at Maknassy, El Guettar, Gafsa, and Kasserine Pass, and engaged in the final campaign to reduce enemy resistance in Tunisia, occupying Mateur 3 May 1943. [50], In November 1943, each brigade was allocated two anti-aircraft tanks and three bridge laying tanks, while each tank battalion headquarters had two of its anti-aircraft tanks replaced by observation tanks. At the start of the Second World War, in September 1939, the British Army already possessed two armoured divisions; a further nine would be raised during the war, of which only two would not see service. Ward’s plan was based upon an intelligence estimate of 40 German tanks near Sidi Bou Zid. Became an independent formation following September 1943. [41] However, these authorised changes to the basic structure did not mean the brigades conformed to each paper reorganisation and the actual changes sometimes took place prior or after their authorisation. The artillery regiments were also reorganised, one would now be equipped with self-propelled guns while the other would keep towed guns. The 1st Armored Division began its participation in the global war on terrorism when it received deployment orders to the U.S. Central Command on March 4, 2003. [25], Prior to the Battle of Alam el Halfa, in August–September 1942, the armoured divisions in North Africa were again authorised to change; the armoured division became the basic battle formation again and the Brigade Groups were reorganised as they had previously. The brigade headquarters had six light cruisers and four heavy cruisers allocated to it, while each regimental headquarters had four light cruisers. 1st Polish Armored Division. [18] The support group provided whatever support the armoured brigades needed to the operation in hand, being able to provide motorised infantry, field artillery, anti-tank artillery or light anti-aircraft artillery as needed. The brigade headquarters was issued four cruiser tanks and the battalion headquarters four infantry tanks. On 25 May 1939, the Army decided that the organisation should change to an armoured division of a light and a heavy armoured brigade, each of three armoured regiments, totalling 349 tanks; 159 light cruisers, 108 light tanks, 58 heavy cruisers, and 24 close support tanks. [4] Mobile Division (Egypt) consisted of a light armoured brigade, a cavalry brigade, a heavy armoured group of two Royal Tank Regiments and a Pivot Group.[3]. 41st AIR. Morris ... Samuel W. German Order of Battle, volume 1: 1st–290th Infantry Divisions in WW II . The first troops, however, were only attached to the division in the following month[6] and then in part from forces released from the 1st Armoured Division following a divisional reorganisation. (Numerous supporting units were also involved in the battle, but are not mentioned specifically here) 1. month . [24] In the United Kingdom, the Brigade Group was not adopted but the Support Group was abolished and an infantry brigade was added to the division to replace the second armoured brigade. In total, each regiment would consist of 46 cruisers and 8 close support tanks, 31 officers and 546 other ranks, with the brigade being able to muster 166 tanks. 1st Armoured Brigade (reforming) under Brigadier G.N. World War II Armed Forces — Orders of Battle and Organizations: Last Updated 27.09.2013: United States Army. Order of Battle - WWII - ETO; ORDER OF BATTLE OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY WORLD WAR II EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS . The Polish 1st Armoured Division (Polish 1 Dywizja Pancerna) was an armoured division of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.Created in February 1942 at Duns in Scotland, it was commanded by Major General Stanisław Maczek and at its peak numbered approximately 18,000 soldiers. World War I Order of Battle World War II Order of Battle Cold War Conflicts Orders of Battle Post Cold War Orders of Battle ... 1st Armored Division. 9th AIB 44th AIB 50th AIB. Some had their main guns replaced with a dummy gun to allow additional radio equipment and a map table to be installed. In the United Kingdom and the 6th Armoured Division, two additional troops were attached to each Sabre Squadron along with eight anti-aircraft tanks being attached to the regimental headquarters, bringing the regiment's strength up to 55 cruisers, 6 close support tanks, 8 anti-aircraft tanks, 36 officers and 644 other ranks. By April 15th Old Ironsides was moving out to participate in Operation Iraqi Freedom. The brigade totalling 240 tanks. 10th Army 6. [45] The changes in late 1942 reverted the structure of the brigade and regiments to their 1941 layout, but also increased the regiment to 52 tanks, 4 anti-aircraft tanks, 54 officers and 600 other ranks. The next change (on paper) was made in April 1940; the established tank strength of the division was reduced to 340 tanks by changes in the armoured regiments, the two armoured brigades now became homogeneous, dropping their prefixes and the division's engineers were removed from the Support Group becoming divisional troops under their own headquarters. The infantry Brigade Group would consist of three motorised infantry battalions, an artillery regiment also with an integrated anti-tank battery, a light anti-aircraft battery, Royal Engineers and administration units. ORDER OF BATTLE In total the United States raised 16 armored division in World War 2. Further changes were made to the armoured regiments and anti-aircraft tanks were incorporated into the division bringing the established strength to 227 tanks; 26 anti-aircraft tanks, 18 close support tanks and 183 cruiser tanks. Each regiment would be manned by 37 officers and 655 other ranks. Where modern explanatory notes were required, they have been inserted as italicized text in square brackets.] Table - Comparative Statistics, Individual Awards, K. Table - Comparative Statisitcs, Casualties & Campaigns, Insignia, Nickname, Insignia Significance, and Motto, Assignments and Attachments to Higher Units. 14th Army OFFICE OF THE THEATER HISTORIAN PARIS, FRANCE. The tank establishment was also lowered to 338 tanks; 234 cruisers, 44 light tanks, 28 anti-aircraft tanks, and 9 Observation tanks. The division's headquarters was given more staff and signal units and a headquarters was formed to control the artillery. [20] While these theoretical changes were made, they did not reflect the armoured divisions' composition; in July, the 7th Armoured Division only had 65 cruiser tanks, lacking spare parts (some even lacking proper armament) while the division was operating two armoured regiments in each of its brigades. 12th Army 7. In fact, as he would later learn to his chagrin, there were more than 100 in the village, as well as emplaced 47mm and 88mm anti-tank guns. 1968 war ein Jahr innerer Unruhen. Military Police Platoon:3 Officers, 88 other ranks 1. 1 March 1942 Armored Divisions 1 March 1942 to 15 September 1943 Known as the 'heavy' armored divisional organization. The brigade would now be able to muster 178 tanks, with each battalion made up of 58 tanks, 35 officers, and 547 other ranks. The artillery, anti-tank and anti-aircraft regiments would be put under the control of the Royal Artillery divisional headquarters and would be reinforced with additional batteries, the Royal Engineers would be reinforced and returned to the divisional engineer headquarters. Division's Major engagements of WWII: Operation Torch Operation Husky D-Day Battle of Hurtgen Forest Battle of the Bulge Campaigns: Normandy, Northern France, Ardennes, Rhineland, Central Europe. DATE CORPS ARMY ARMY GROUP; Assigned Attached Assigned Attached ; 20May44: XII : ETOUSA : 1Aug44: XX: Third : 8Aug44: … 15th AIB 46th AIB 47th AIB. At the start of the Second World War, in September 1939, the British Army already possessed two armoured divisions; a further nine would be raised during the war, of which only two would not see service. 1st Armored Division "Old Ironsides" 2nd Armored Division "Hell on Wheels" 3rd Armored Division "Spearhead" 4th Armored Division "Breakthrough" 5th Armored Division "Victory" 6th Armored Division "Super Sixth" 7th Armored Division "Lucky Seventh" 8th Armored Division "Thundering Herd" [19], Like the division, the armoured brigade went through nine changes to its basic organisation, while the tank brigade went through four changes before a complete conversion of its role. 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