[18] After serving at various Indian stations, the 99th was called to active service to form part of General Sir Hope Grant's force during the Second Opium War. When amalgamated with the 99th Duke of Edinburgh's (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot in 1881, the anniversary was incorporated into the new The Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment). British Army Follow-on Divisions Operation OVERLORD: 6 June 1944 1. British troops have entered the German concentration camp of Bergen-Belsen. 1945. A common command for light infantry to advance while skirmishing, was to "spring up". In 1758, the battalion was redesignated as the 62nd Regiment of Foot. With certificates of service and notice to out-patients. During the Normandy Campaign, this included the Battle of Odom, the fight for Hill 112 (Operation Jupiter), and the capture of Mont Picon. Wiltshire Rifle Volunteers summary of annual returns. WARNING: This article contains disturbing images. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. [37] The 1st Wilts remained on the Western Front with the 3rd Division until the 7th Brigade was transferred to the 25th Division on 18 October 1915. However, later that year, it was redesignated as the 7th Battalion and was assigned to the 214th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home). The 99th spent its next two years at various garrisons in Ireland, until in 1858, it was ordered to join the Aldershot garrison. [36], Nearly 5,000 officers and other ranks of the Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment) had been killed in action or died of wounds sustained during the Great War. This site is dedicated to those men and women who fell fighting for their country. Son of Theodore & Mary Fanny Thompson of 82, Beresford Road, Hornsey, London, UK. [27], Despite losing almost a third of its strength, once Lord Robert's operations began to succeed, the Boer reaction allowed the 12th Brigade, and the 2nd Wilts, to go back on the offensive against the Boer Republics. In 1917, the 3rd Wiltshires would be transferred to the Thames and Medway garrison. With the Royal Irish Regiment, two companies of the 2nd Wilts conducted a night assault up the Nek, capturing the ridge overlooking the Boer position. The Bergen-Belsen camp complex was composed of numerous camps, established at various times during its existence. The regiment's two regular battalions returned to policing the British Empire. [15], It would be the last battle honour earned by the 99th as an independent regiment. One would be special reserve battalion, while the other would be the Territorial Force units. The next name, The Springers, came from the regiment being used in the light infantry role during the American Revolution. This culminated in permission being granted to re-title the regiment. The 1st Battalion would serve as part of the Dublin garrison during the Irish War of Independence. [36], The final Territorial Force unit of the Wiltshire Regiment was the 3/4th Battalion. The 2nd Wilts would join Major-General Paget and the West Riding Regiment in patrolling the areas northeast and northwest of Pretoria. From March until late May, the battalion fought in the Battle of Anzio, enduring terrible conditions and fighting in trench warfare, similar to that on Western Front nearly 30 years before. Before General Slim's offensive to recapture Burma, 1st Wiltshires were rotated back to serve along the North-West Frontier. The regiment's title changed to The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh’s) in 1920. This was because the 43rd Division and its 2nd Line duplicate, the 45th, was not formed as an exact mirror duplicate as most were, but was instead split on a geographical basis, with all the units from Wiltshire, Hampshire and Dorset being assigned to the 43rd, whereas those from Devonshire, Somerset and Cornwall assigned to the 45th. [53] Although the 5th Battalion was a 2nd Line Territorial unit, it was assigned to a 1st Line brigade and division. [8] In 1871, as part of Cardwell reforms, the 62nd was linked with the 99th Regiment of Foot. 21 June 1918: transferred to 110th Brigade in 21st Division. [36], During the war, the Wiltshire's Territorial component would expand from one battalion to three. [58] Both battalions also played a significant part in the 43rd division's fighting in the Roer Salient, as well as the capture of Bremen. 632/134. Whilst based in Shanghai, China in the 1930s they were due to attend a large parade with the other British unit on parade being the Lincolnshire Regiment [The old 10th of Foot]. In the case of the Wiltshire Regiment, the 3rd Battalion was the special reserve formation. The 11th Regiment of Foot's principal job was keeping the men of the 99th under control. Later, the brigade participated in Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily, and the follow-on invasion of the Italian mainland in September 1943. The 1st battalion was stationed in the Channel Islands from 1886, then transferred to Ireland in 1887. [57], During Operation Market Garden, the 4th and 5th Wiltshires formed part of the relief force that tried to reach the airborne troops of the US 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions, as well as the British 1st Airborne Division fighting at Arnhem. 1306/132 In the event that you consider anything on this page to be in breach of the site’s House Rules please Flag This Object. Two of these would be used on foreign service (4th and 5th Territorial battalions), while the other two remained in the United Kingdom as home defence or as training units (6th and 50th Territorial battalions). Printed. Returned to England, landing Southampton 3 September 1914. [17] It is also said that the expression "dressed to the nines" originated as a reference to the 99th. However, the 5th Division instead joined the British Second Army, at the time fighting on the Western Front, to participate in the final drive into Germany in April 1945. [48] During the Italian Campaign, the 2nd Wiltshires would win battle honours for its actions, taking part in the Moro River Campaign and later crossing the Garigliano river in January 1944. The Wiltshire Regiment was one of the first to liberate the camp in April 1945, as part of the allied advance into Germany at the end of the Second World War. The regiment was raised in December 1940 from a cadre of personnel taken from the 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own) and the 15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars. The 4th Battalion, Wilts had been the original Territorial battalion when the Territorial Army was reorganized during the early 1920s. [42], The 2/4th Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment came into being in October 1914, assigned to the 2/1st South Western Brigade of the 2nd Wessex Division. [46], The 2nd Battalion, Wiltshire Regiment, began the war as part of the 13th Infantry Brigade, which also included 2nd Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) and 2nd Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (later 5th Essex Regiment), part of the 5th Infantry Division of the British Expeditionary Force in France. However, the 99th soon earned an unsavoury reputation, alienating the locals to such an extent that an additional regiment had to be assigned to Sydney. Initially assigned to reinforce the forces at Cape Helles on 6 July 1915, the division was temporarily withdrawn and then landed at ANZAC Cove to support the operations there. [16] While at Aldershot, the regiment earned its reputation as an extraordinarily well drilled and well turned out regiment. There it continued to perform security duties until joining the 233rd Brigade, later the 234th Brigade, of the 75th Division, part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force. The Wiltshire Regiment, was one of the first to liberate the camp in April 1945, as part of the allied advance into Germany at the end the Second World War. [27] Eventually, the brigade commander was forced to pull back the Wiltshires to prevent the Boer Commandos from breaking through and threatening other towns. Archives; Browse more like this. [45], In the Second World War, the Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's) lost 1,045 officers and other ranks killed in action or from wounds sustained and were awarded 34 Battle honours. Due to losses sustained in Passchendaele campaign in 1917, the 6th Battalion would be amalgamated with the Wiltshire Yeomanry to form the 6th (Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry) battalion on 9 September 1917. On 19 May the Battalion re-embarked on the Franconia to sail to India to rejoin the 5th Division and were stationed in Bombay and Ahmednagar until August. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. With the war over, the 2nd Wiltshires returned to the England in 1903. [35][15], At the start of the First World War, the Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment), like most of the rest of the British Army, consisted of two regular battalions (the 1st and 2nd); there was also a Special Reserve battalion (3rd) and a Territorial Force battalion. Hence the name, "Moonrakers". From 1939 to 1944, both units remained in England training, both attached to 129th Infantry Brigade, alongside the 4th Somerset Light Infantry, part of the excellent 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division. [73], 99th Duke of Edinburgh's (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot, Alan J. In 1917, it moved from the depot at Devizes to join the Portland Garrison in 1915. "[51], In addition to the two regular army battalions, the Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's) raised four[15] other battalions before and during the war. [55] On arrival in theatre, the division became part of Lieutenant-General Sir Richard O'Connor's VIII Corps. [11], The 99th remained in Tasmania for three years before being dispatched to New Zealand to take part in the New Zealand Wars. The 1/4th Wilts was called into service in 1914 as part of the South Western Brigade of the Wessex Division and dispatched to British India. This was a temporary board erected on the site of a future plaque, in memory of the thousands slaughtered in Belsen, 21 May 1945. [67], The Rifles Berkshire and Wiltshire Museum is based in Salisbury. This tradition continued through its descendants, the 1st Battalion, Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment until it too was amalgamated to form part of The Rifles. The battalion remained in the Home Islands throughout the war, finishing the war as part of the Dublin garrison. Because of an error in landing on an island in the Seine, rather than the far shore, by the other battalion, the 4th Somerset Light Infantry, the 5th Wilts found themselves cutoff initially. [10] For its service in China, the regiment earned the battle honour: Pekin 1860. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. [36] While serving with the 75th Division, 1/4th Wilts would see action at the Battle of Megiddo. On 3 June 1944 Sergeant Maurice Albert Windham Rogers was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross, the first and only to be awarded to the regiment during the Second World War. Despite the heavy counter-attack from the German defenders, the 5th Wiltshires were able to hold and extend the beachhead enough to allow reinforcements to be brought over. 14 August 1914 : landed at Rouen. In 1832, the new 99th Regiment received its county title, becoming the 99th (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot. During the reorganization of the Burma front in 1943, the battalion became responsible for guarding the lines of communications and support for the Arakan offensive as part of the Eastern Army. Read more. However, unlike the 1/4th, 2/4th Wilts never saw action in the First World War. [36], Formed from volunteers at Weymouth in November 1914, the 8th (Service) Battalion was part of Kitchener's Fourth New Army. The battalion served there during the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine. When the regiment was affiliated with Wiltshire, the nickname followed. The antecedent Infantry Regiments that originate from the counties of Berkshire and Wiltshire form part of the Golden Thread linking all Regiments to the present day Rifles Regiment. Both battalions would be heavily engaged in many battles during the campaign across North-West France, the low countries, and Germany. Bergen-Belsen was first established in 1940 as a prisoner of war camp. As part of the 21st Brigade, the 2nd Wilts arrived in France in October 1914, in time to take part in the First Ypres, where it suffered heavy casualties in helping to stop the German advance. A message came through to flee the hill but there was a miscommunication. Soon after formation, the battalion became part of the 79th Brigade, assigned to the 26th Division. [50] When hostilities ended on 8 May 1945, they were at Lübeck on the Baltic Sea. Under command of 7th Brigade in 3rd Division. [65] After returning home to Britain in 1953, the Wilts were ready for foreign service once more. It was unrelated to earlier units designated as the 99th Regiment of the British Army, including the 99th Regiment of Foot (Jamaica Regiment) and the 99th Foot which was re-designated as the 100th Regiment of Foot. [60], The 6th (Home Defence) Battalion was formed after the outbreak of hostilities in 1939. Although they attempted to escape, the Boer commandos soon caught up with the two companies and, after a fight, forced them to surrender. Fighting with the Wiltshire Regiment 4th Battilion ... Once the war ended, John went into Belsen. [43] Following the Diyala crossing, the battalion participated in the fall of Baghdad, and operations north of there. Bolt mechanism from Belsen Concentration Camp - Copyright The Rifles (Berkshire and Wiltshire) Museum. Seven Kapo's beaten to death by former prisoners in Camp 2. As part of the 19th Division, the 2nd Wilts would see action with the division through the Hundred Days Offensive. [47] With the 26th Indian Division, the 1st Wiltshires took part in the Battle of the Admin Box. [63], As part of Britain's post-war reduction, each infantry regiment was required to reduce its strength by one battalion. Originally assigned to the 102nd Brigade, 34th Division, the War Office decided to convert the battalion into a reserve battalion. Ramparts Cemetery, Lille Gate, Ypres, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium. [68], The regiment's battle honours were as follows:[15]. Although a part of the Sixth Division, the brigade did not take part in the ill-fated attack on Bloody Sunday during the Battle of Paardeberg. During its time as a separate regiment, the 99th Foot was known for the smartness of its drill. The regiment was originally formed as the Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regiment), taking the county affiliation from the 62nd Foot (which became the 1st Battalion) and the honorific from the 99th Foot (which became the 2nd Battalion). The message they received was to hold their position on the hill and fight to the last. Although it was a war service battalion, the 7th Wiltshires remained in Great Britain as part of the home defence forces. In March 1918 the 2nd Wilts, like the 1st Wilts, was nearly destroyed during the German Army's Spring Offensive, losing 22 officers and 600 men. Certificate that Sergeant Robert Edwards of the Wiltshire Regiment of Militia was admitted an out-patient of the Royal Hospital at Chelsea. Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's), Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment (Berkshire and Wiltshire), Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment, 214th Independent Infantry Brigade (Home), The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's), The Duke Of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment (Berkshire and Wiltshire), The Rifles Berkshire and Wiltshire Museum, History of the Wiltshire Regiment from 1881, Regiments of Foot: A Historical Record of All The Foot Regiments of British Army, "The Zulu War : The Battle of Gingindlovu", "The Brandwater Basin and Golden Gate surrenders, 1900", "Anglo Boer War website - Kitchener's Fighting Scouts", "Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907", "The 30th Division of the British Army in 1914-1918", "The 19th (Western) Division of the British Army in 1914-1918", "The 75th Division of the British Army in 1914-1918", "4th Battalion, The Wiltshire Regiment [UK]", 1st Battalion, The Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's), "The Rifles Berkshire and Wiltshire Museum", Nicknames of British Units during the Napoleonic Wars, "Dressed to the nines - meaning and origin", 51st (2nd Yorkshire West Riding) Regiment of Foot, 105th Regiment of Foot (Madras Light Infantry), 68th (Durham) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry), 106th Regiment of Foot (Bombay Light Infantry), 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot, 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot, 49th (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) (Hertfordshire) Regiment of Foot, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment), Prince Albert's (Somerset Light Infantry), Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regiment), Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment), Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire Regiment), Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment), Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment), Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment), Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment), Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's), Princess Victoria's (Royal Irish Fusiliers), Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders), Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians), Liverpool Rifles, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Liverpool Irish, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Liverpool Scottish, King's (Liverpool Regiment), Leeds Rifles, Prince of Wales's Own (West Yorkshire Regiment), Cinque Ports Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment, Hallamshire Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wiltshire_Regiment&oldid=995207753, Military units and formations established in 1881, Military units and formations in Wiltshire, Regiments of the British Army in World War I, Regiments of the British Army in World War II, Military units and formations disestablished in 1959, 1881 establishments in the United Kingdom, Military units and formations in Burma in World War II, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh (1953–1959), This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 20:30. 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