Register of prisoners confined under sentence 1863-65. Because of the massive newspaper coverage of the Wirz Tribunal, and the lack of trials against major Confederate leaders such as Robert E. Lee, it appeared to average Americans – both north and south – that Wirz was the only person tried, convicted, or executed after the war. After the War: A Soldier’s Struggle to Come Home. Library of Congress. Presidential pardons. Register of confederate and federal soldiers and civilians sentenced 1862-65. Roll 16 - Registers of prisoners discharged and released June 1863-June 1865. Like any war, the Civil War had defectors – soldiers on both sides who chose not to fight for their preselected regiments. A soldier describes the 5 steps of veteran transition. Civil War veterans receive medical treatment at the Bath Branch of the National Soldiers Home in Bath, New York. It is virtually impossible to measure the human costs of the Civil War, the hardships and suffering it caused. Author: Vincent "Rocco" Vargas. Like so many things associated with the Civil War, the reasons are complicated. The execution of Henry Wirz - November 10, 1865 . The easy answer is that, as Politico explained in 2018, Confederates received presidential pardons which began at Lincoln’s hand: Cloyd, Benjamin G. Haunted by Atrocity: Civil War Prisons in American Memory (Louisiana State University Press; 2010) 272 pages.traces shifts in Americans' views of the brutal treatment of soldiers in both Confederate and Union prisons, from raw memories in the decades after the war to a position that deflected responsibility. Courtesy of VHA Historical Photo. After the Civil War ended in the spring of 1865, those who survived the ordeal went home to resume normal lives. The end of the war in 1865 brought a welcome peace, especially for the men who served as soldiers. Former soldiers returned to the farms and stores they had left so long ago, but the memories of their service and old comrades did not disappear quite so rapidly. Register of prisoners confined, discharged, escaped, and transferred 1862-65. The Union had 1.9 million veterans after the war’s conclusion, and Congress began to take steps towards providing care for soldiers who would require care and places of rest. North Carolina soldiers, this paper will pri-marily focus on Confederate desertion in North Carolina. Historian Francis B. Simkins opined that desertion was “the most disgraceful What we do know is that millions of people grieved for the loss of loved ones. Confederate soldiers, who were mostly poor farmers, first began to des-ert after the passage of the Conscription Act of 1862. This raises an obvious question: why then were few Confederate soldiers tried for treason? Gen. E. Porter Alexander was appointed by President Grover Cleveland to arbitrate and supervise the surveying of the boundary of the Panama Canal. The question over whether or not Confederate soldiers were U.S. veterans is largely a symbolic one today. Civil War Soldiers' Stories Portrait of a Federal soldier, between 1860 and 1864 Civil War. Many went back to being farmers, blacksmiths, businessmen, and so on in their hometowns; some ran for political office, while others headed west in search of fresh starts, sometimes because former homes and farms had been destroyed during the war as was the case for many in the … Armies were disbanded and regiments mustered out of service. Only one Civil War pension is still being paid (that pensioner was a veteran of both sides of the conflict), and by the time Confederates received real benefits, they were all dead by the following year. After the war, 15 Confederate Officers served as U.S. ambassadors or ministers to foreign countries. 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