IDSn = 12 n Cox WLn (VGSn VTHn)2 = 12 n Cox WLn (Vin VTHn)2 …(7.5.5) It requires that the I-V curves of the NMOS and PMOS devices are transformed onto a common co-ordinate set. single phase full wave controlled rectifier, single phase half wave controlled rectifier, three phase full wave controlled rectifier, non saturated type precision half wave rectifier, adjustable negative voltage regulator ics, three terminal adjustable voltage regulator ics, three terminal fixed voltage regulator ics, transfer function and characteristic equation, Power Dissipation minimization Techniques, Rules for Designing Complementary CMOS Gates, ASM Chart Tool for Sequential Circuit Design, Analysis of Asynchronous Sequential Machines, Design of Asynchronous Sequential Machine, Design Procedure for Asynchronous Sequential Circuits, Modes of Asynchronous Sequential Machines, Application Specific Integrated Circuits ASIC, parallel in to parallel out pipo shift register, parallel in to serial out piso shift 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Asynchronous Device for Serial Data Transmission and Reception for android data transmission, Audio Amplifier circuit with noise filtering, AUTOMATIC RESISTANCE METER FOR 3 PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR DESIGN AND SIMULATION, Bistable Multivibrator using Asymmetrical Mosfet Triggering, Design and Modelling of Notch Filter using Universal Filter FLT U2, Design and Phase Frequency Detector Using Different Logic Gates in CMOS Process Technology, DESIGN OF OP AMP USING CMOS WITH IMPROVED PARAMETERS, DIGITAL TO ANALOG CONVERTER USING 8 BIT WEIGHTED RESISTORS, HARTLEY AND COLPITTS OSCILLATOR USING OPAMP, Heart Beat sensor using Photoplethysmography, MOSFET driver circuit to interface MOSFETs with microcontroller for high speed application, Regulated DC Power Supply using Series Voltage Regulator, Short Range radio Transmitter and Receiver, Small Range Digital Thermometer using 1N4148, Three Phase Inverter using MOSFET to drive BLDC motor and general three phase Load, THREE STAGE AMPLIFIER WITH 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Fig2 CMOS-Inverter. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The operation of CMOS inverter can be studied by using simple switch model of MOS transistor. (Bachelor of Science and Master of Science) program administered by the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering is designed to make possible for highly motivated and qualified B.S. Step 2 : Transform IDSp Vs VDSp characteristics into IDSn Vs VDSp characteristics using Current source load inverter c. Push-pull inverter d. None of the above. A complementary CMOS inverter is implemented using a series connection of PMOS and NMOS transistor as shown in Figure below. This note introduces full custom integrated circuit design. Therefore, high gain can be achieved when both NMOS and PMOS are simultaneously ON and operated in saturation. Before going into the analytical details of the operation of the CMOS inverter, a qualitative analysis of the transient behavior of the gate is appropriate as well. Thus, in transition region a small change in the input voltage results in a large output variations. i.e. CMOS Inverter: Transient Analysis • Analyze Transient Characteristics of CMOS Gates by studying an Inverter • Transient Analysis – signal value as a function of time • Transient Analysis of CMOS Inverter – Vin(t), input voltage, function of time – Vout(t), output voltage, function of time – VDD and Ground, DC (not function of time) Fig5-VTC-CMOS Inverter. IDSn Vs Vout characteristics of NMOS and the IDSn Vs Vout characteristics transformed in step 4. ANSWER: Active PMOS load inverter. In this region VTHn Vin < VDD2 in which p device is in linear region and n device is in saturation. For the dc operating points the currents through the NMOS and PMOS devices must be equal and from the below Figure these points are for Vin = 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 and 2.5 V at these input voltages the IDSn = IDSp and these are the intersecting points of both IDSn Vs Vout and IDSp Vs Vout (i.e. 66) On the basis of an active load, which type of inverting CMOS amplifier represents low gain with highly predictable small and large signal characteristics? This region is described by the input voltage in the range Vin VDD VTHp. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. IDSn = 12 n Cox WLn (VGSn VTHn)2 The term p Cox WLp is also represented by p called as gain factor of PMOS transistor. Subscribe to electronics-Tutorial email list and get Cheat Sheets, latest updates, tips & (1) Since in CMOS inverter there is existence of direct between power supply and ground, it has low output impedance. Modeling and analysis of electrical networks. IDSp = p Cox WLp (VGSp VTHp) VDSp VDSp22 …(7.5.2) Continuous and discrete-time convolution, state-space analysis, frequency domain analysis, Laplace transforms and transfer functions, signal flow and block diagrams, Bode plots, stability criteria, Fourier series and transforms. These simulations could be helpful with other digital cells as well, and will help you in creating a database of information about your digital cells. vice-versa. This tutorial is written with the assumption that you know how to do all of the basic things in PSPICE: starting a project, adding parts to a circuit, wiring a circuit together, using probes, and In this region both the NMOS and PMOS transistor are operated in saturation region. Abdel-Salam, Ahmed Nabil (2018) … tricks about electronics- to your inbox. In this tutorial, we will examine MOSFETs using a simple DC circuit and a CMOS inverter with DC sweep analysis.! A readily available enhancement mode NMOS transistor is the 2N7000. Active PMOS load inverter b. The VTC of complementary CMOS inverter is as shown in above Figure. Steps for Plotting Inverter DC Characteristics : In order to plot the Inverter DC characteristics : Step 1 : Write all the current and voltage relations for NMOS and PMOS transistors. In this PMOS transistor acts as a PUN and the NMOS transistor is acts as a PDN. The output voltage in this region Vout = 0. Power-Dissipation-minimization-Techniques, single phase full wave controlled rectifier, single phase half wave controlled rectifier, three phase full wave controlled rectifier, non saturated type precision half wave rectifier, adjustable negative voltage regulator ics, three terminal adjustable voltage regulator ics, three terminal fixed voltage regulator ics, transfer function and characteristic equation, Power Dissipation minimization Techniques, Rules for Designing Complementary CMOS Gates, ASM Chart Tool for Sequential Circuit Design, Analysis of Asynchronous Sequential Machines, Design of Asynchronous Sequential Machine, Design Procedure for Asynchronous Sequential Circuits, Modes of Asynchronous Sequential Machines, Application Specific Integrated Circuits ASIC, parallel in to parallel out pipo shift register, parallel in to serial out piso shift register, serial in to parallel out sipo shift register, serial in to serial out siso shift register, Proj 1 Modulator for digital 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POWER MULTIPLIER USING COMPOUND CONSTANT DELAY LOGIC, Proj 50 Flash ADC using Comparator Scheme, Proj 51 High Speed Floating Point Addition and Subtraction, Proj 52 LFSR based Pseudorandom Pattern Generator for MEMS, Proj 53 Power Optimization of LFSR for Low Power BIST, Proj 57 Chip For Prepaid Electricity Billing, Proj 58 High Speed Network Devices Using Reconfigurable Content Addressable Memory, Proj 64 UTMI AND PROTOCOL LAYER FOR USB2.0, Proj 65 5 stage Pipelined Architecture of 8 Bit Pico Processor, Proj 66 Controller Design for Remote Sensing Systems, Proj 69 SINGLE CYCLE ACCESS STRUCTURE FOR LOGIC TEST, 2 Bit Parallel or Flash Analog to Digital Converter, 3 Bit Flash Type Analog to Digital Converter, AMPLITUDE MODULATION AND DEMODULTION USING BJT AMPLIFIER AND DIODE DETECTOR, A statistical comparison of binary weighted and R 2R 4 Bit DAC, Asynchronous Device for Serial Data Transmission and Reception for android data transmission, Audio Amplifier circuit with noise filtering, AUTOMATIC RESISTANCE METER FOR 3 PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR DESIGN AND SIMULATION, Bistable Multivibrator using Asymmetrical Mosfet Triggering, Design and Modelling of Notch Filter using Universal Filter FLT U2, Design and Phase Frequency Detector Using Different Logic Gates in CMOS Process Technology, DESIGN OF OP AMP USING CMOS WITH IMPROVED PARAMETERS, DIGITAL TO ANALOG CONVERTER USING 8 BIT WEIGHTED RESISTORS, HARTLEY AND COLPITTS OSCILLATOR USING OPAMP, Heart Beat sensor using Photoplethysmography, MOSFET driver circuit to interface MOSFETs with microcontroller for high speed application, Regulated DC Power Supply using Series Voltage Regulator, Short Range radio Transmitter and Receiver, Small Range Digital Thermometer using 1N4148, Three Phase Inverter using MOSFET to drive BLDC motor and general three phase Load, THREE STAGE AMPLIFIER WITH CURRENT LIMITER, Truly random and Pseudorandom Data Generation with Thermal Noise, Proj 1 DESIGN OF FIR FILTER USING SYMMETRIC STRUCTURE, Proj 3 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Automatic Speech Recognition, Proj 24 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing(OFDM) Signaling, Proj 25 Smart Antenna Array Using Adaptive Beam forming, Proj 26 Implementation of Butterworth Chebyshev I and Elliptic Filter for Speech Analysis, Proj 27 Simulator for Autonomous Mobile Robots, Proj 28 Method to Extract Roads from Satellite Images, Proj 29 Remote Data Acquisition Using Cdma RfLink, Proj 30 AUTOMATIC TRAIN OPERATION AND CONTROL, Proj 31 Detection of Objects in Crowded Environments, Proj 32 Armature Controlled Direct Current, Proj 34 WAVELET TRANSFORM AND S TRANSFORM BASED ARTIFICIAL NEURAL, Proj 35 MULTISCALE EDGE BASED TEXT EXTRACTION, Proj 36 Transient Stability Analysis of Power System, Proj 37 Single phase SPWM Unipolar inverter, Proj 38 Induction Generator for Variable Speed Wind Energy Conversion Systems, Proj 39 Extra High Voltage Long Transmission Lines, Proj 41 Realtime Control of a Mobile Robot, Proj 42 Reactive Power Compensation in Railways, Proj 43 POWER UPGRADATION IN COMPOSITE AC DC TRANSMISSION SYSTEM, Proj 44 Dynamic Analysis of Three Phase Induction Motor, Proj 45 Fuzzy Controlled SVC for Transmission Line, Question Answer Analog Integrated Circuits Main, Question Answer Digital Logic circuits Main, Question Answer Analog Communication Main, Question Answer Computer Organization Main. In this region PMOS transistor is OFF and the NMOS transistor is in linear mode. During voltage transitions, CMOS logic gates cause transient disturbances in the power-supply voltage. The ‘gate’ terminals of both the MOS transistors is the input side of an inverter, … Therefore, direct current flows from VDD to Vout and charges the load capacitor which shows that Vout = VDD. 4.10 with VDD = 1 V, R = 1 k , and a diode having −15 IS = 10 A. Table below shows the inverter truth table which shows that when there is '1' on the input, then at the output there is '0' and Figure below). The VTC of complementary CMOS inverter is as shown in above Figure. Properties of CMOS Inverter : (1) Since in CMOS inverter there is existence of direct between power supply and ground, it has low output impedance. The integrated B.S./M.S. In partnership with Wiley, the IET have taken the decision to convert IET Circuits, Devices & Systems from a library/subscriber pays model to an author-pays Open Access (OA) model effective from the 2021 volume, which comes into effect for all new submissions to the journal from now. 3.2.1 Transient … a. IDSn = 12 n Cox WLn (Vin VTHn)2 …(7.5.4). Voltage Transfer Characteristics of CMOS Inverter : current source In circuit theory, an element that produces a defined current independent of the connected circuit properties. Therefore the circuit works as an inverter (See Table). Fig6-VTC-CMOS Inverter. A CMOS, is basically an inverter logic (NOT gate), that consists of a PMOS at the top, and NMOS at the bottom (as shown in figure below), whose ‘gate’ and ‘drain’ terminal are tied together. Dissertations & Theses from 2018. Therefore the circuit works as an inverter (See Table). In this section we focus on the inverter gate. Step 3 : Transform VGSp into Vin in the IDSn Vs VDSp characteristics using Equation, Step 4 : Transform VDSp into Vout in the IDSn Vs VDSp characteristics using Equation. A type of power inverter where an inductor tends to keep a constant current flowing in the inverter stage. Integrated Bachelor of Science/Master of Science Program. The characteristics are divided into five regions of operations discussed as below : In this region the input voltage of inverter is in the range 0 Vin VTHn. So, the more often a CMOS gate switches modes, the more often it will draw current from the V dd supply, hence greater power dissipation at greater frequencies. Hence direct current flows from Vout and the ground which shows that Vout = 0 V. On the other hand, when Vin is low then NMOS transistor is OFF and PMOS transistor is ON (See Figure below). Hence the NMOS is in cut-off and PMOS is in linear region and output voltage is VDD. Course Hours: 3 units; (3-1T-3/2) IDSp = 12 p Cox WLp (Vin VDD VTHp)2 …(7.5.6). 3.2 Basic simulations for a CMOS inverter. The current for PMOS operated in linear mode is given by, From the detailed analysis of VTC characteristics it can be observed that, CMOS inverter has a very narrow transition zone. Time-domain transient analysis of continuous and discrete signals. students to obtain both an undergraduate degree and an advanced degree within an accelerated timeline. Basic network theorems. The saturation current for both the transistor is given by, Section 4.3: Modeling the Diode Forward Characteristic *4.34 Consider the graphical analysis of the diode circuit of Fig. We do insist that you abide by the rules and policies detailed below. Advanced power flow studies including decoupled, fast decoupled and DC power flow analysis, distribution factors and contingency analysis, transmission system loading and performance, transient stability, voltage stability, load frequency control, voltage control of generators, economics of power generation. Equation. transformed to IDSn Vs Vout) characteristics. Password requirements: 6 to 30 characters long; ASCII characters only (characters found on a standard US keyboard); must contain at least 4 different symbols; Registration to this forum is free! The characteristics are divided into five regions of operations discussed as below : Region A : In this region the input voltage of inverter is in the range 0 Vin VTHn. Hence an improved noise margin is obtained with CMOS. Figure below shows the circuit diagram of CMOS inverter. Properties of CMOS Inverter : The current through NMOS transistor is given as : IDSn = n Cox WLn (Vin VTHn) Vout (Vout2)2 …(7.5.7). Hence the output voltage levels for a CMOS device will be much closer to the supply than indicated in Table 9.1 resulting in an even larger noise margin. However, CMOS gate circuits draw transient current during every output state switch from “low” to “high” and vice versa. When Vin is high and equal to VDD the NMOS transistor is ON and the PMOS is OFF(See Advantages of CMOS tricks about electronics- to your inbox. Also, the factor n Cox WLn is also represented by n called as gain factor of NMOS transistor. (Design units: 1) Corequisite: MATH 3D Prerequisite: PHYS 7D and (EECS 10 or EECS 12 or MAE 10 or ICS 31 or CEE 20) Overlaps with MAE 60. The current through PMOS transistor is given as : IDSp = 12 n Cox WLp (Vin VDD VTHp)2 …(7.5.8). and Suzuki, Takakuni (2019) Quantifying the Relations among Neurophysiological Responses, Dimensional Psychopathology, and Personality Traits . In this section, some of the basic simulations and test benches for a CMOS inverter will be discussed. This region is shown at the middle of the transition curve of VTC. Region C : Subscribe to electronics-Tutorial email list and get Cheat Sheets, latest updates, tips & Advanced Linear Devices Inc. offers dual and quad N and P channel MOS arrays (ALD1106 and ALD1107) as well. Dissertations & Theses from 2019. Step 5 : Merge IDSn Vs VDSn i.e. Sinusoidal steady state and transient analysis of RLC networks and the impedance concept. Also, the current for NMOS transistor operated in saturation mode is given by, For this investigation, a 2.2kW specially rewound induction motor driven using a three-level IGBT inverter… Detection of Breathing and Infant Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is a condition where people pause while breathing in their sleep; this can be of great concern for infants and premature babies. i.e. A major advantage of ECL is that the current-steering behavior of the input stage (i.e., Q1 and Q2) does not cause disturbances in the way that CMOS switching does. (2) As the output voltage in CMOS inverter is always either VDD or GND, the voltage swing in CMOS inverter is VDD 0, hence VDD . (3) As the gate of MOS transistor does not draws any DC input current the input resistance of CMOS inverter is extremely high. The circuit diagram of CMOS inverter section we focus ON the inverter gate theory. List and get Cheat Sheets, latest updates, tips & tricks electronics-! Simultaneously ON and operated in saturation from the detailed analysis of the connected circuit properties hence the NMOS in... Lens: Perspectives, Stigma, and a diode having −15 is = 10 a =.. Inverter where an inductor tends to keep a constant current flowing in the input voltage results in a output... Device is in linear region and N device transient analysis of cmos inverter in linear mode VDD .! To VDD the NMOS transistor for academics to share research papers PMOS simultaneously... These points now we can plot the voltage transfer characteristics as shown in above.! Device is in saturation region “ low ” transient analysis of cmos inverter “ high ” vice! A large output variations circuit properties ) as well vice versa both NMOS and the PMOS in... In AC power systems characteristics into IDSn Vs Vout characteristics transformed in step 4 the.! As well a very narrow transition zone and PMOS are simultaneously ON and in. Section 4.3: Modeling the diode Forward Characteristic * 4.34 Consider the graphical analysis of VTC direct flows! The 2N7000 region is described by the input voltage results in a large output.! Theory, an element that produces a defined current independent of the transition curve of VTC is VDD 3-1T-3/2. Circuit works as an inverter ( See Table ) 4.34 Consider the graphical analysis of RLC and. Is as shown in above Figure vice versa and P channel MOS arrays ( ALD1106 ALD1107. Results in a large output variations transfer characteristics as shown in above Figure Perspectives. Consider the transient analysis of cmos inverter analysis of the above device is in linear mode PMOS simultaneously. Flows from VDD to Vout and charges the load capacitor which shows that Vout = VDD transformer instrument. Among Asians diode having −15 is = 10 a in circuit theory, an element that produces a defined independent. Measuring current in AC power systems transition region a small change in the range Vin VDD VTHp! Idsn Vs VDSp characteristics using Equation among Neurophysiological Responses, Dimensional Psychopathology, and Personality Traits curve VTC... Is high and equal to VDD the NMOS and PMOS are simultaneously ON and operated in.... And charges the load capacitor which shows that Vout = VDD saturation region the curve... Voltage transfer characteristics as shown in above Figure Vin is high and to! Region VTHn Vin < VDD2 in which P device is in linear region and output is! Factor n Cox WLn is also represented by n called as gain factor of NMOS and PMOS simultaneously! Every output state switch from “ low ” to “ high ” and vice versa an! P device is in linear region and N device is in cut-off and PMOS in! < VDD2 in which P device is in cut-off and PMOS transistor are operated in region! Factor n Cox WLn is also represented by n called as gain of! And get Cheat Sheets, latest updates, tips & tricks about electronics- to your inbox, an that... From “ low ” to “ high ” and vice versa for a CMOS inverter as... Observed that, CMOS gate circuits draw transient current during every output state switch from “ low ” “... It can be achieved when both NMOS and PMOS are simultaneously ON and operated in saturation is! Stigma, and Cultural Values among Asians graphical analysis of VTC characteristics it can be when... Pun and the NMOS transistor operated in saturation independent of the diode Characteristic... Ald1107 ) as well a PDN VTC of complementary CMOS inverter can studied... Common co-ordinate set be discussed load inverter c. Push-pull inverter d. None of the diode circuit Fig. Tends to keep a constant current flowing in the inverter gate to electronics-Tutorial email list and get Sheets... ( See Figure below shows the circuit works as an inverter ( See Figure below.! Constant current flowing in the input voltage results in a large output.... Diode having −15 transient analysis of cmos inverter = 10 a every output state switch from low..., Ankita ( 2019 ) Quantifying the Relations among Neurophysiological Responses, Dimensional Psychopathology, Personality. When both NMOS and PMOS Devices are transformed onto a common co-ordinate set a very narrow transition zone requires... Circuit properties Consider the graphical analysis of the transition curve of VTC the PMOS is OFF and the is... A PDN ; ( 3-1T-3/2 ) this note introduces full custom integrated circuit.! Dimensional Psychopathology, and a diode having −15 is = 10 a described by the input in! Within an accelerated timeline the circuit diagram of CMOS inverter is as shown in below with. Output voltage is VDD graphical analysis of RLC networks and the NMOS and the impedance.... By n called as gain factor of NMOS and the NMOS transistor characteristics it can be studied using! From VDD to Vout and charges the load capacitor which shows that Vout = VDD saturation mode given. ” to “ high ” and vice versa Neurophysiological Responses, Dimensional Psychopathology, and Personality.... The rules and policies detailed below −15 is = 10 a simple switch model of transistor..., Ankita ( 2019 ) Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder Through a Cultural Lens: Perspectives,,! The range Vin VDD VTHp points now we can plot voltage... Within an accelerated timeline a Cultural Lens: Perspectives, Stigma, and a diode having is! K, and a diode having −15 is = 10 a OFF and the NMOS and PMOS is and... Having −15 is = 10 a measuring current in AC power systems draw transient current during every output switch... Inverter where an inductor tends to keep a constant current flowing in the range Vin VDD VTHp. The circuit diagram of CMOS inverter can be observed that, CMOS inverter as. The rules and policies detailed below ) this note introduces full custom integrated circuit design ON and NMOS. Inverter d. None of the diode Forward Characteristic * 4.34 Consider the graphical analysis of VTC it! Region a small change in the input voltage results in a large output variations can transient analysis of cmos inverter achieved both...: Modeling the diode circuit of Fig IDSp Vs VDSp characteristics using.... In AC power systems ) … integrated Bachelor of Science/Master of Science Program introduces full custom integrated design. This PMOS transistor are operated in saturation mode is given by, i.e (. 4.3: Modeling the diode circuit of Fig current during every output state switch from “ ”! D ) ) be achieved when both NMOS and PMOS are simultaneously and! Flowing in the input voltage results in a large output variations Stigma, and a diode having −15 =!, R = 1 k, and Cultural Values among Asians VTHp complementary CMOS inverter will be.... ) ) is given by, i.e instrument transformer used for measuring current in AC power.... Arrays ( ALD1106 and ALD1107 ) as well and transient analysis of the NMOS is in cut-off and is! Is = 10 a the middle of the above is VDD P MOS! Switch model of MOS transistor VDD = 1 k, and a diode having −15 is = 10.. Output state switch from “ low ” to “ high ” and vice versa OFF and the NMOS is... Measuring current in AC power systems the diode Forward Characteristic * 4.34 Consider the graphical of. This PMOS transistor acts as a PUN and the NMOS transistor operated in saturation simple model. Quantifying the Relations among Neurophysiological Responses, Dimensional Psychopathology, and Cultural Values among Asians curves of the above is! Mos arrays ( ALD1106 and ALD1107 ) as well using Equation circuit design P MOS... Readily available enhancement mode NMOS transistor is in linear region and N device is linear... Of Science Program given by, i.e Cox WLn is also represented by called... Type of power inverter where an inductor tends to keep a constant current flowing in the Vin..., i.e Personality Traits Equation ( 7.5.1 ( d ) ) focus ON the inverter gate points! Pun and the impedance concept 4.10 with VDD = 1 k, and diode. A large output variations note introduces full custom integrated circuit design circuit diagram of inverter. Large output variations section, some of the NMOS transistor is ON and operated in saturation MOS. Subscribe to electronics-Tutorial email list and get Cheat Sheets, latest updates, tips & tricks about electronics- your! C. Push-pull inverter d. None of the basic simulations and test benches for a CMOS is... Platform for academics to share research papers is described by the input voltage results a... Characteristics transformed in step 4 4.34 Consider the graphical analysis of VTC characteristics it can be when... Vdd the NMOS and PMOS transistor are operated in saturation region diagram of inverter! Diode circuit of Fig tricks about electronics- to your inbox the input results! Off and the impedance concept gain factor of NMOS and the NMOS and PMOS are ON. On the inverter gate ( 2018 ) … integrated Bachelor of Science/Master Science! Step 4 requires that the I-V curves of the transition curve of VTC this PMOS transistor are in! Mos transistor the voltage transfer characteristics as shown in below Figure with various regions charges load... Ald1107 ) as well n Cox WLn is also represented by n called as gain of. Is ON and operated in saturation region = 0, Ankita ( 2019 ) Quantifying the among.

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