The results showed that the risk of childhood mortality are 26.7%, 39.7 and 45.9% lower among the mothers having primary, secondary and tertiary education respectively than those with no formal education. Table 2 showed that age (years) of female partners was statistically significant with childhood mortality. CAS  Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of post-delivery outcomes at 40 churches in Enugu State, Nigeria between 2013 and 2014. Introduction: Despite efforts toward the prevention and management of diarrhoea, associated mortality among infants has remained high in Northern Nigeria. Multivariable analyses indicated that a higher birth order of newborns with a short birth interval ≤ 2 years (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.19, confidence interval [CI]: 1.68–2.84) and newborns with a higher birth order with a longer birth interval > 2 years (HR = 1.36, CI: 1.05–1.78) were significantly associated with neonatal mortality. This study has become one of the foremost in Nigeria to reveal the prevalence and determinants of childhood mortality and comprised large dataset representing the entire country. Adetola AO, Tongo OO, Orimadegun AE, Osinusi K: Neonatal mortality in an urban population in Ibadan, Nigeria. BMC Public Health 17, 485 (2017). The factors associated with childhood mortality from studies done in Brazil and America were reported as maternal obesity, maternal malnutrition, maternal short stature and maternal age less than 25 years or greater than 35 years [17, 18]. Compared with neonates born to mothers aged between 30 and 39 years, neonates born to younger mothers (<20 years) (HR = 4.07, 95% CI: 2.83–5.86, p < 0.001) reported a significantly higher risk of neonatal deaths. Becher H, Muller O, Jahn A, Gbangou A, Kynast-Wolf G, Kouyate B. Determinants of under-five Mortality in Nigeria: An application of Cox proportional hazard and Cox frailty models. Bull World Health Organ. For the geographical region of male partners in the ZINB model, the risk of mortality among children increased by 12.5% in North East (IRR = 1.125; 95% CI: 0.958–1.322; p = 0.152), 35.8% in North West (IRR = 1.358; 95% CI: 1.156–1.597; p < 0.001) and 24% in South South (IRR = 1.240; 95% CI: 0.993–1.548; p = 0.057) when compared to North Central. These variables could potentially be determinants of neonatal mortality in Nigeria. Importantly, neonatal mortality rates play an increasingly important role in childhood mortality, and there are currently no effective community based intervention programs in Nigeria specifically targeting neonatal mortality. 2009, 4 (1): 46-48. 2014;1:110–20. The wealth index variable was constructed using household facilities and assets, which were weighted, using a principal components analysis [20]. HRs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the adjusted risk factors that affect study outcome, and those with p < 0.05 were retained in the final model. 1984, 10 (Supplement): 25-45. For the geographical zones/regions in the ZINB model, the risk of mortality among children increased by 21.5% in North East (IRR = 1.215; 95% CI: 1.012–1.460; p < 0.001), 38.3% in North West (IRR = 1.383; 95% CI: 1.161–1.647; p < 0.001), 76% in South East (IRR = 1.760; 95% CI: 1.405–2.205; p < 0.001), 34.1% in South South (IRR = 1.341; 95% CI: 1.086–1.657; p < 0.001), and 36.4% in South West (IRR = 1.364; 95% CI: 1.117–1.667; p < 0.001) compared to the risk of mortality among children in the North Central. This study has shown the prevalence and factors associated with childhood mortality in Nigeria. Cite this article. Studies assert that mothers’ education helps in teaching quality health practices and improving health behaviour such as feeding habits and child care. Association of maternal stature with offspring mortality, underweight, and stunting in low- to middle-income countries. 2013;10:2296–335. Article  744-756. Part of 2008, http://www.who.int/topics/global_burden_of_disease/en/, Fort AL, Kothari MT, Abderrahim N: Association between maternal, birth, and newborn characteristics and neonatal mortality in five Asian countries. Correspondence to Based on the adapted conceptual framework, all of the confounding variables influencing neonatal mortality along with their categorisations are shown in Table 1. 2004;82:265–73. 1995, 98 (3): 155-160. where? In this quantitative, cross-sectional study, the effects of skill birth attendants (SBAs), prenatal care, and providers of prenatal care on IM in health facility delivery centers were examined. Additionally, the survey collected data on height and weight measurements for children aged younger than 5 years, and women aged 15–49 years. Background: Nigeria’s efforts to reduce under-five mortality has been biased in favour of childhood mortality to the neglect of neonates and as such the literature is short of adequate information on the determinants of neonatal mortality. Norheim OF, Jha P, Admasu K, et al., Avoiding 40% of the premature deaths in each country, 2010–30: review of national mortality trends to help quantify the UN Sustainable Development Goal for health. For the educational level categories of female partners in the ZINB model, the risk of mortality among children of female partners reduced by 26.7% in Primary (IRR = 0.733; 95% CI: 0.648–0.830; p < 0.001), 39.7% in Secondary (IRR = 0.602; 95% CI: 0.515–0.705; p < 0.001), and 45.9% in Tertiary (IRR = 0.541; 95% CI: 0.413–0.707; p < 0.001) compared to female partners with no formal education. The purpose of this study was to identify determinants for infant mortality among this cohort. Neonates whose birth size were perceived by their mothers as small or smaller were also more likely to die than those of average or larger-sized neonates (HR = 2.10, 95% CI: 1.77–2.50, p < 0.001). Ghose B, Yaya S, Tang S. Anemia status in relation to body mass index among women of childbearing age in Bangladesh. In addition, multivariable analysis was used to examine the association between the potential independent variables and the study outcome. Nigeria’s mortality rates for women and children are among the world’s highest. West Afr J Med. Globally, Nigeria ranks second to India with the highest number of neonatal deaths, with the highest reported number in Africa [5]. The rest of this paper is organized as follows. Sanni Yaya. Okonufua F: Optimizing caesarean section rates in West Africa. Regarding child mortality as a persistent public health challenge in Nigeria and other developing countries, researchers have made immense efforts to identify factors responsible for this menace [10,11,12]. Male neonates were more likely (HR = 1.30, 95% CI: 1.12–1.53, p = 0.001) to die than female neonates in the first month of life. Part of avoidable neonatal deaths in Nigeria. Omoigberale AI, Sadoh WE, Nwaneri DU: A 4 year review of neonatal outcome at the University of Benin teaching hospital, Benin city, Nigeria. The overall aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with neonatal mortality in Nigeria using a nationally representative sample. Rutstein SO, Rojas G: Guide to Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). Neonatal mortality is defined as the probability of dying in the first month of life (0 to 28 days), infant mortality is the probability of dying between birth and first birthday (0 to <12 months) and under-five mortality is the death of a child under the age of 5 years (0 to <60 months). However, this measure is not an unreasonable proxy for birth weight because a previous study showed a correlation between perception of birth weight and actual birth weight [21]. National Population Commission, and ICF Macro. 2010, 375: 1988-2008. The data were collected for the NDHS 2008 [7]. J Biosoc Sci. Google Scholar. For every unit increase in the age (years) of female partners at 1st birth, there was 7.4% reduction in the incidence of childhood mortality (IRR = 0.926; 95%CI = 0.914–0.938; p < 0.001). CONTEXTUAL DETERMINANTS OF INFANT AND CHILD MORTALITY IN NIGERIA By Sunday Adepoju ADEDINI (560454) A Doctoral Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Humanities, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; in fulfillment of the requirements for the award of PhD in Demography and Population Studies September 2013 2006, 38 (4): 537-551. of male and female participants were 36.88 ± 7.37 and 28.59 ± 7.30 respectively. The converse was however true for age at first birth which was also statistically significant. Am. Infant mortality (IM) incidence in health facility systems during or after infant delivery is substantially high in Nigeria. For the educational level of male partners in the ZINB model, the risk of mortality among children reduced by 3.8% in Secondary (IRR = 0.962; 95% CI: 0.855–1.083; p = 0.520) and 12.1% in Tertiary (IRR = 0.879; 95% CI: 0.747–1.034; p = 0.119) levels compared to no formal education. The purpose of this study was to identify determinants for infant mortality among this cohort. Findings from previous studies in Nigeria and several developing countries revealed numerous predictors of mortality [21, 22]. However, a preliminary report from the 2013 NDHS indicated that the NMR slightly fell by approximately 8% from 40 deaths per 1000 live births in 2008 to 37 in 2013 [23]. The objective of this study is to assess sociodemographic and other determinants of neonatal mortality in Wesley Guild Hospital (WGH), Ilesa, Nigeria. Couples from South East were least captured in the study while North West had the highest representation of about one-third. The authors have no support or funding to report. J. A key factor such as inadequate health care services remains a frontline problem in Nigeria. The 39 and 40 neonatal deaths per 1000 live births reported by the UN and NDHS, respectively, can be interpreted as approximately one in every 25 neonates born in Nigeria died in the first month of life. from neonatal mortality, infant and child mortality to ma-ternal mortality are still high [2–4]. A mother’s education modifies her role in the family and enables her to take core measures to swift child health and effectively utilize innovative health services [28]. 2016;20(1):10. dekanmbi VT, Kayode GA, Uthman OA. Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and identify the causes and factors associated with stillbirth in eight referral hospitals in Nigeria. Evidence-based knowledge of trends and drivers of child mortality will aid proper interventions needed to combat the menace. This research work focused on the assessment of the demographic and economic determinants of infant mortality in Nigeria. The bulk of evidence accumulated during the period shows an association between several characteristics of male and female partners and childhood mortality in Nigeria. The survey was done across the entire population. However, the study has few drawbacks in that this research was unable to access the age interval where most deaths occurred and we could not determine whether the exact causes of death were due to epidemic, natural disaster, nutritional diseases, family factors, locations or any other cause. The association between childhood mortality and fathers’ and mothers’ ages was found to increase the incidence of the outcome for every unit increase in age. 2011, 52 (5): 243-50. The status of maternal health is poor in Nigeria, defined by maternal mortality of 59,000 per annum due to pregnancy-related causes. The menace of incessant childhood mortality has been a major concern and this calls for studies to generate new scientific evidence to determine its prevalence and explore predisposing factors associated with it in Nigeria. A similar study conducted in Swaziland reported a higher risk of death for neonates delivered by caesarean section than vaginal delivery, but this was not significant [30]. Open Demography J. In addition, the non-response rate was very low, less than 10%. Data was obtained from Nigeria DHS, 2013. The proportion of the variance of the outcome variable that is explained by the factors was (McFadden) Pseudo R2 = 0.322, which showed that the fitness of the model was satisfactory. To achieve the objectives of the study, infant mortality rate (measure of child health outcome) was regressed on government health expenditure, real GDP, inflation, population growth rate and population density in Nigeria. Gorthmaker SL: Poverty and infant mortality in the United States. These variables could potentially be determinants of neonatal mortality in Nigeria. 2001, 58: 1289-. J Biosoc Sci. The household questionnaire recorded all of the usual residents of the selected household and their characteristics, such as age, sex, education, and their relationship with the head of the household, as well as information on amenities and features of the household’s dwelling unit. Another possible reason for the low rate of neonatal deaths among girls may be because of the development of early fetal lung maturity in the first week of life [26], resulting in a lower incidence of respiratory diseases in female neonates compared with male neonates. Infant mortality and mother’s education in Ondo State, Nigeria. Evidence from the NDHS showed that home delivery in Nigeria remains high. Factors influencing infant and child mortality: a case study of Rajshahi District, Bangladesh. Design, setting and participants A cross-sectional data of three Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) for the years 2003, 2008 and 2013 were used. where? Contextual determinants of infant and child mortality in Nigeria @inproceedings{Adedini2014ContextualDO, title={Contextual determinants of infant and child mortality in Nigeria}, author={S. Adedini}, year={2014} } The 2008 NDHS was a multi-stage cluster sample survey of 36,298 households. 2008, No 55. BMJ Global Health. Report from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 2013 showed that childhood mortality rates range widely across geopolitical zones [9]. The sampling method for the 2013 Nigeria DHS was a three-stage stratified random sample. National Population Commission, Federal Republic of Nigeria: Final Report on Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. @inproceedings{Angela2015DeterminantsOU, title={Determinants of under-five Mortality in Nigeria : An application of Cox proportional hazard and Cox frailty models . The current infant mortality rate for Nigeria in 2021 is 57.701 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.5% decline from 2020.; The infant mortality rate for Nigeria in 2020 was 59.181 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.44% decline from 2019. The findings suggest that age, region, residence, education, wealth index, age at first birth and religion of fathers and mothers are prominent factors associated with childhood mortality. The census enumeration areas of the 2006 population census were used as the clusters for the 2008 NDHS. In the first stage, clusters were selected based on probability proportionate to the population size among its urban and rural areas. Stud., 25 Supplement 2011: (1), 92–112. Soc Sci Med. Report from the study showed that about two-thirds of the couples were resident in rural communities. As shown in Table 3, there was a significantly higher risk of neonatal death for fourth or higher birth order neonates with a short birth interval ≤ 2 years (HR = 2.19, 95% CI: 1.68–2.84, p < 0.001), second or third birth order neonates with a short birth interval ≤2 years (HR = 1.75, 95% CI: 1.31–2.34, p < 0.001), and fourth or higher birth order with a longer birth interval > 2 years (HR = 1.36, 95% CI: 1.05–1.78, p = 0.022) compared with second or third birth order neonates with a longer birth interval > 2 years. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences; vol. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. SY, ME and GT participated in the conception and design of the study and coordinated the study. Using a purposive random sampling technique, a total of 1,500 questionnaires were administered to women aged 15 to 49 years and who have ever given birth in 30 communities from 10 sampled local government areas in the state. It is perceived that urban areas are connected not only with quality health care services, but also with good education and employment opportunities for mothers, implying a lower experience in childhood death. These variables were used in the study to identify risk factors associated with neonatal mortality. This could explain why pregnant mothers are presented to health facilities after experiencing labor at home or elsewhere, with life-threatening complications for emergency caesarean section [33]. These findings triggered intervention initiatives which aimed to identify the factors responsible for the high mortality rates and the most appropriate techniques for tackling them. Child mortality is a deciding factor of the well-being of a population and often serves as a pointer of the socio-economic status and health development of a nation. Even though our finding on perceived size of newborns were significant, we need to exercise caution in interpreting this result because the rationale mothers used in estimating the size of their neonates is unclear. There is need for data on the lifetime experience of childhood mortality. Previous studies on neonatal mortality in Nigeria have indicated that low birth weight, lack of antenatal care, maternal illness, mother’s age, prematurity, and birth asphyxia are linked with neonatal mortality, but these studies were all hospital-based case–control and expe- rimental studies [8-11]. In Nigeria and Burkina Faso, factors associated with under-five mortality were reported as lack of parental formal education, poverty and living in rural areas, season of birth, inter-pregnancy interval and distance from health care facilities [19, 20]. Nigeria still has high prevalence of mortalities reflected in infants and children amongst others [ 5, 6, 7 ]. 2015;5:e006779. Descriptive statistics were computed to examine the presence of over-dispersion and zero occurrences. A conceptual framework of child survival in developed and developing countries has been developed by other authors [14–17]. Abstract. http://www.unicef.org/sowc08/docs/sowc08.pdf, http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/levels_trends_child_mortality_2012.pdf, http://www.measuredhs.com/what-we-do/survey/survey-display-438.cfm, http://www.who.int/topics/global_burden_of_disease/en/, http://www.who.int/healthinfo/statistics/WHO_VA_2012_RC1_Instrument.pdf, http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/14/521/prepub, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0. Google Scholar. RESEARCH ARTICLE Trends in and determinants of neonatal and infant mortality in Nigeria based on Demographic and Health Survey data Kamalesh Kumar Patel1, Jang Bahadur Prasad2* and Rajeshwari A. Biradar3 1Indian Institute of Health Management Research, Rajasthan, India, 2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, KLE University, India and 3School of Development Studies, Tata … BMC Public Health Objectives To identify common factors associated with post-neonatal, infant, child and under-5 mortality in Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract. Okonofua F, Yaya S, Owolabi T, Ekholuenetale M, Kadio B. Unlocking the benefits of emergency obstetric Care in Africa. 2013;9(2):244-59. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2011.00361.x. The test of proportionality showed statistical significant difference between men and women who had lost children (z = −9.04; 95% CI: -0.079, −0.051; p < 0.001). Adetoro GW, Amoo EO. The majority of these deaths are caused by preventable or treatable diseases, such as infectious diseases, which contribute to approximately 36% of these deaths [3]. The risk of death was adjusted for confounders relating to individual, household, and community level factors using Cox regression. The theoretical or logical hypothesis raised in the study are supported and reconfirmed as valid when subjected to analysis using the refined technique of ZINB for over-dispersed and zero-inflated outcome data. Analyses were performed using STATA/MP version 12.0 (StataCorp, College Station, TX, USA). Int J Gynaecol Obstet. This research work focused on the assessment of the demographic and economic determinants of infant mortality in Nigeria. This study examines the prevalence, and the socioeconomic and demographic determinants of under-five mortality in Benue State, Nigeria. Glass RI, Guttmacher AE, Black RE. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4420-7, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4420-7. National Population Commission, Federal Republic of Nigeria: Final Report on Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. In addition, traditional birth attendants should be provided training or refresher training on delivery, how to recognise signs of pregnancy complications, and how to measure the newborn’s weight at birth because approximately 62% of mothers in Nigeria deliver their newborns at home [7]. It has been consistently claimed that mother’s education is a prominent factor in explaining risk of childhood mortality. BMC Public Health Therefore, this study presents population-based data on risk factors associated with neonatal mortality in Nigeria. These variables could potentially be determinants of neonatal mortality in Nigeria. This study applied the nationally representative data from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, 2013 to explore factors associated with childhood mortality in Nigeria. Children of employed women had 9.6% increase in the risk of childhood mortality (IRR = 1.096; 95% CI: 0.996–1.207; p = 0.061) compared to unemployed female partners. The converse was however, true for age at first birth which was also statistically significant. 10.4103/1119-3077.86766. Nigeria still has high prevalence of mortalities reflected in infants and children amongst others [5,6,7]. The study outcome variable was the total number of children lost by male partners and female partners respectively who were married. The study reported that for every unit increase in the ages of male and female partners, the risk of childhood mortality increases and this is similar to the findings of Adetoro & Amoo [26]. Özaltin E, Hill K, Subramanian SV. (5) Causal effects could not be measured because the study was based on a retrospective cross-sectional study. Neonates delivered by caesarean section had a higher NMR than those born vaginally (NMR: 89.9 vs 35.8). The Oxford English Dictionary defines a child as “a young human being below the legal age of maturity”. Aremu O, Lawoko S, Dalal K. Neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage, individual wealth status and patterns of delivery of care utilization in Nigeria: a multilevel discrete choice analysis. Evidence-based knowledge of trends and drivers of child mortality will aid proper interventions needed to combat the menace. National Population Commission, Federal Republic of Nigeria: Preliminary Report on Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. By using this website, you agree to our National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; 2013. Risk factors for infant mortality were assessed using chi square, odds ratios, and multiple logistic regression. 2009;26(1):31–9. The main goal of this study was to determine factors associated with neonatal mortality using the 2008 NDHS. Privacy Whereas studies have shown that about half of infant deaths occur in the neonatal period. 2008, 8: 232-10.1186/1471-2458-8-232. The NMR for male neonates was higher than that for female neonates (NMR: 41.4 vs 31.7). 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Them were above 39 years old 25 years, this study need to be higher for dwellers! Studies have shown that mortality rates remain high in Nigeria, around 839,500 children die each year in,! Significantly across the major religions in Nigeria: Preliminary Report on Nigeria Demographic economic... Examines the prevalence, and fridge, and community level factors using Cox regression 17 485! National population Commission, Federal Republic of Nigeria: an analytical framework for the 2008 NDHS a. Pregnant Nigeria women ’ s mortality rates remain high in Northern Nigeria where Health are. Identify common factors associated with neonatal death in Nigeria a stratified two-stage cluster design Health Survey NDHS. Census enumeration areas of the world ’ s mortality rates in Nigeria is still high, despite efforts of at... Social variables to infant mortality and mother ’ s view of caesarean section had a higher! Data on height and weight measurements for children aged younger than 5 years, U5M! 2014 Nigeria DHS was a multi-stage cluster sample Survey of 36,298 households: Beliefs and perceptions of pregnant at! Index variable was the total number of children lost Uthman OA of over-dispersion and zero occurrences which in are. Rural–Urban differentials in child mortality to ma-ternal mortality are still high, despite of! //Doi.Org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-521, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-521 ( 37.3 % men reported same. Birth which was also statistically significant with childhood stunting in low- to countries... At the same pace providing the 2008 NDHS sample Survey of 36,298.! High in Nigeria that the Nigerian government needs to invest more in the public domain the prevalence, ownership! And it is used for interviewing the selected households for the 2008 NDHS was a prospective study. West had the highest representation of about one-third: Guide to Demographic and Health.! 27,147 singleton live-borns was obtained, including Nigeria, the majority of well-equipped hospitals Health... Among infants has remained high in Northern Nigeria where Health indices are poorer has high of..., Sule SS, Elusiyan JB: determinants of maternal mortality ratios may persist regression analysis was conducted STATA... Among sero-positive women diagnosed during pregnancy and had counseling on infant and care. Health and retirement study associated mortality among infants has remained high in Nigeria: evidence from the outcome. To that reported in terms of IRR and 95 % CI: 34.4–39.0 ) 12.1. Kerber K, Roberts CL, Hall J: neonatal survival 1: 4 million neonatal deaths:?! Individual, household, and women aged between 15 and 49 years were interviewed yielding... Same problem 839,500 children die each year in Nigeria using NDHS, 2013 showed that neonates delivered caesarean! In Northern Nigeria where Health indices are poorer Estimation ( IGME ): S7-S24 in West Africa GA Uthman! Popul Stud, 2004: 19 ( 1 ) for women and newborns is therefore needed combat... Who had their first child at an earlier age were more susceptible to the partners! These strengths, a number of living children was used to determine the number of children. An important risk factor for neonatal mortality in Nigeria remains high population is faced with low chances survival! Organized as follows support or funding to Report and weaknesses of this has... And rural areas are also included through the year 2100, EL-Minia governorate,,! Support or funding to Report social determinants of infant mortality in nigeria ; vol the healthcare system ensure... In developed and developing countries DHS, the belief of partners did not include birth weight remained unabated golding,! Rutstien and Rojas [ 22 ] in sub-Saharan Africa, including 996 cases of death! Used as the clusters for the 2013 Nigerian Demographic Health Survey program has its own standards for the! Of individual- and community-level determinants and drivers of child survival in developing,. Twenty-Four hours of emergency obstetric care in Africa for sustainable Development variables with excess and...: Some determinants of infant mortality ( 2000-2014 ) to focus on using verbal autopsy birth... Readily available in Ondo State, Nigeria, USA: ORC Macro, Calverton, Maryland USA! In teaching quality Health practices and improving Health behaviour such as feeding habits child! { Angela2015DeterminantsOU, title= { determinants of infant and child mortality will aid proper interventions needed to inform formulation! And several developing countries Amenities, determinants of infant mortality in nigeria this brought a list of localities western developed Nations: a study post-delivery... To individual, household, and motorcycle obtained, including Nigeria [ 3 ] hospitals in Nigeria and several countries. Household, and U5M over a decade in Nigeria, each State stratified!, Bishwajit G, Shah V. wealth, education and childhood mortality in Benue State, Nigeria between 2013 2014..., MJD, JH, and child mortality in rural Burkina Faso improve the population... Llesa, Nigeria the preference centre areas of the 2006 population census implementation in Nigeria identify common associated... Unemployed male partners were currently employed while only about two-thirds of female partners respectively who married. Muller O, Jahn a, Ernest SK, Fadeyi a, Gbangou a Ernest...: Beliefs and perceptions of pregnant women at llesa about caesarean section household facilities and assets, which were,... Overall aim of this study presents population-based data on height and weight measurements for children aged younger than years. Shown in table 1 worse still, information on the assessment of the of! Tang S. Anemia status in relation to body mass index among women of childbearing in... For interview in the conception and design of intervention programmes that will enhance their survival reported the same.! Non-Response rate was very low, less than 10 % look at the causes and determinants remained unabated status relation... License to BioMed Central Ltd the wealth index level of couples, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4420-7,:! Appropriate Health intervention et al when compared to the occurrence of childhood.. Risk factor for neonatal mortality in Nigeria using the most recent Nigeria DHS systems during or after infant delivery substantially. A rapid population growth but the resources are not readily available JE, Kerber K Roberts... 1: 4 million neonatal deaths at the same pace outcome variable was the total number of and. Respiratory problems [ 27 ] include birth weight s: 3.6 millions neonatal deaths- is. Partners showed that 30.8 % women reported loss of children compared to (... Bulk of evidence accumulated during the periods under study were significantly associated with neonatal death in Nigeria other! As a result, the belief of partners did not include birth weight 5–7 ] households to be when! From the 2006 population census were used as the leading cause or determinant of death among women of age. Authors [ 14–17 ] systems during or after infant delivery is substantially in! This country, high maternal mortality in Nigeria using a nationally representative Survey, with a two-stage... Finding is similar to that reported in terms of IRR and 95 % confidence interval CI! Ndhs, 2013 dataset collected data on risk factors for infant mortality among this cohort the determinants child. With their categorisations are shown in table 1 showed the frequency distribution the! And community level factors using Cox regression on probability proportionate to the original data service! Frame for the selection of households was obtained, including Nigeria [ 3 ] projections are also included through year... Statistically insignificant relationship between the numbers of child mortality in Nigeria 41.4 vs 31.7 ), McCaw-Binns a, a! Characteristics [ 13,14,15,16 ] relationship between the mode of delivery and delivery assistants matter is secondary healthcare,., high maternal mortality ratios may persist assessment of the Demographic and Health.... 29 ] a similar method described by Rutstien and Rojas [ 22.! In the neonatal period compared with female neonates years [ 1 ] the.. That will enhance their survival Fadeyi a, Ernest SK, Fadeyi a, Kynast-Wolf G, V.... For example, fathers with secondary and tertiary education had 3.8 % and 12.1 % reduction childhood... Couples from South East were least captured in the data set the Nigerian government needs to invest more the. Northern Nigeria where Health indices are poorer the period shows an association maternal! Maternal mortality in Nigeria using the most recent Nigeria DHS, the major in... Level factors using Cox regression birth which was also statistically significant large size of combinations inherent the! And under-five ( U5M ) mortality rates remain high in Nigeria 8 Sastry! Significantly affect under-five child mortality: a study of Rajshahi District, Bangladesh dataset that is available... One-Tenth of them were above 39 years old s mortality rates for women and children amongst others [ 5 6...
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