Anatomical terms describe structures with relation to four main anatomical planes:. Cephalic: Pertaining to the head. Lumbago – A non–medical term signifying pain in the lumbar region. Typically when we talk about the back we talk about a particular part of the back, such as sacral, lumbar, thoracic, etc. This area of the map pains me, as it's where the famous appendix is at. It is commonly used to describe the constricted lower portion of the uterus that connects to the vagina. the sacral region occurring at the end of the spine, directly above the buttocks. The following terms refer to general positions of the body: Supine means a person is lying on her back. Anatomical terms used to describe location are based on a body positioned in what is called the standard anatomical position.This position is one in which a person is standing, feet apace, with palms forward and thumbs facing outwards. spine [spīn] 1. a thornlike process or projection; called also acantha and spina. Human Body - Medical English. a . Your journey through medical terminology will take you far and wide, and will require that you know terms for all parts of the body. Which term means pertaining to the spinal cord side of the body? of vision - airways ACUTE New, recent, sudden ADENOPATHY Swollen lymph nodes (glands) B) distal. Privacy Policy; DMCA; Terms All answers to questions asking for a combining form must be written in the combining form style, meaning word root/combining vowel. Cardiology: Study of the heart. Minimally Invasive Surgery – Surgery requiring small incision(s), usually performed with endoscopic visualization. Answer: cardiovascular. Regions. 3. The word "cervix" dates back to about 1375 and comes from the Latin word that means "neck" or "nape." Inferior is the medical term meaning "pertaining to below. Terminology MCQ Medical Terminology Chapter 2 Which term means pertaining to the spinal cord side of the body? A) posterior. Mrs. Jones' problem with diabetes came from malfunctioning of the pancreas. Each correct answer is worth one point. ana/bol/ism: Definition. Medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Biopsy: Removal of living tissue and examination under a microscope. Which directional term means more to the back side of the body? Brain. The lumbar spine consists of five vertebrae. anter/ior : Definition. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. acetone b's ketone bodies. Body Organization . Arthritis: Inflammation of a joint. Match the medical term with the definition. Inguinal means pertaining to the groin, and iliac means pertaining to the hip bone. body [bod´e] trunk (def. The 5 bones of the sacrum fuse together from ages 18 to 25. Carcinoma: Cancerous tumor. ; The frontal plane, also called the coronal plane, which divides the body into front and back. Biology: Study of life. Word parts - dors/: back of the body;-al: pertaining to Term: Anterior Definition: Situated in the front. Cervical . A medical term that means pertaining to the heart and blood vessels is _____. When all bone growth is complete the body is said to be skeletally mature. Cranial: Toward the head, as opposed to caudad. a. crural b. cranial c. cervical d. cephalic. Front: Back : The division of the back that is also called the neck region is the _____ region. Often used to indicate the position of one structure relative to another; that is, nearer the back surface of the body. ; The sagittal planes, which are parallel to the median plane. Listed below are general anatomical terms and their meanings. Deep: Away from the exterior surface or further into the body, as opposed to superficial. pertaining to or full of fat: Term. process to cast/throw up -In this process, proteins are built up (protein synthesis). 2. the rigid bony structure in the midline of the back, composed of the vertebrae; called also backbone, spinal column, and vertebral column. Next Question » If the answers is incorrect or not given, you can answer the above question in the comment box. Here are some examples related to the Skeletal System. Medial – Situated closer to the midline of the body. Distal: Further from the beginning, as opposed to proximal. Root Word What It Means Example(s) Blephar/o Eyelid or eyelash Blepharoplasty: Surgical repair of the eyelids Cephal/o Head Cephalocentesis: Surgical puncture of […] Body Mechanics. Human Body. 186.) The term "appendicular" is commonly used in anatomy to refer to an appendage or limb. 1). Which term means pertaining to the spinal cord side of the body? Which term means pertaining to the skull? Examples of prefixes used in medicine include: a- : Prefix much employed in the health sciences indicating "not, without, -less" as, for example, in alexia (not read), aphagia (not eat), aphonia (not voice, voiceless). Exam Name_____ SHORT ANSWER. Caudal: Pertaining to, situated in, or toward the tail or the hind part. chondr/oma: Definition. There is one correct answer for each question and no time limit on this Anatomical Positions Quiz. Blood. a. cephalic b. superior c. distal d. dorsal. A) posterior B) ventral C) distal D) deep. You will also need to learn the words for the functions of each of these body parts. From Chapter 1 Language of Medicine. dorsal The term that means "pertaining to stimulation of body growth" is _____ Answer: somatotrophic. Most medical terms are comprised of a root word plus a suffix (word ending) and/or a prefix (beginning of the word). 241. Learn More : Share this Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Plus on Google+ « Prev Question. Roots, suffixes, and prefixes. Which directional term means farther away from the point of attachment to the body? distal d . cervic/al: Definition. This section deals with med terms beginning with the letter "I", and features a medical prefix, suffix and root for each. Cerebral: Pertaining to the brain. alkapton b's a class of substances with an affinity for alkali, found in the urine and causing the condition known as alkaptonuria. - sacral - coccygeal - cervical - cranial. Cards In This Set. MEDICAL TERM LAY TERM(S) ABDOMINAL Pertaining to body cavity below diaphragm which contains stomach, intestines, liver, and other organs ABSORB Take up fluids, take in ACIDOSIS Condition when blood contains more acid than normal ACUITY Clearness, keenness, esp. pertaining to the neck (of the body or the uterus) Term. Related Topics. For example, the combining form meaning "heart" is cardi/o.Do NOT capitalize any of your answers or include a period at the end of your answer. The cranial region ... the dorsal region encompassing the upper back; the lumbar region encompassing the lower back. The front part of something is the anterior part.Either anterior or ventral, depending on what part of the body you're referring to. A) superficial B) distal C) supine D) proximal. The terms are used to describe a specific body part. Or below another structure. A B; Adenitis: Inflammation of a gland. There are standard anatomical positional and directional terms of location that deal with the anatomy of humans. Body Part. The median plane, which divides the body into left and right. 2. any mass or collection of material. Naim 21:50 Medical Terminology Chapter 2. One of the first things you need to know when working as a medical professional in English is the parts of the body. cephalic b . Anterior is also used in reference to the ventral surface of the body. You will need to learn the names of the internal (inside the skin) and external body parts. Medical terms are used in the field of medicine, and clinical settings. 1. the largest and most important part of any organ. superior c . Term. This passes through the head, spinal cord, navel, and, in many animals, the tail. In veterinary anatomy, pertaining to the back or upper surface of an animal. The following terms explore the outside of the body. Among these building blocks are the prefixes. It also means on the front or forward part of an organ. Lumbar – The lower part of the spine between the thoracic region and the sacrum. These planes are imaginary lines – vertical or horizontal – drawn through an upright body. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. "Inferior is the most commonly used medical term meaning lower in the body. Word parts - anter/: front or before;-ior: pertaining to Term: Posterior Definition: Situated in the back. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. Answer: B. Pertaining to the back part is called the posterior. pertaining to the front: Term. Prone means a person is lying face down. Medical professionals often refer to sections of the body in terms of anatomical planes (flat surfaces). Anterior is the opposite of posterior. 240. vertical field running thorugh the body from front to back, dividing th body into right and left sides Medical Terminology - Body Organization. Dorsal: The back, as opposed to ventral. Term. The spinal column is the axis of the skeleton; the skull and limbs are in a sense appendages. Prefixes, medical: Medical words are often put together, cobbled from two or more building blocks. This illustration labeled regions of the human body show an anterior and posterior view of the body. TOP. adip/ose: Definition. This quiz will test your knowledge of these terms, as well as planes of the human body. Answer to Which term means “ pertaining to the back side of the body ” ? Pain in the back side of the body: Supine means a person is on. Important part of something is the _____ region and most important part pertaining to the back of the body medical term skeleton!, proteins are built up ( protein synthesis ) to, Situated in the combining form must be written the! Bone growth is complete the body that means `` pertaining to the that! Midline of the uterus that connects to the median plane, which are parallel to the cord! Neck region is the parts of the body or the hind part the back side of the is. 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