[6], The English exonym "Blue People" is similarly derived from the indigo color of the tagelmust veils and other clothing, which sometimes stains the skin underneath giving it a blueish tint. [101] The exhibition also was shown at the University of California, Los Angeles Fowler Museum in Los Angeles and the Smithsonian's National Museum of African Art in Washington, D.C. in the strife-torn north.. ), Language considerations (including dialect preferences). [8], The Tuaregs have been called the "blue people" for the indigo dye coloured clothes they traditionally wear and which stains their skin. Accurate Matt Translation, Synonyms and Antonyms. C [110], According to mtDNA analysis by Ottoni et al. [39] The Tuareg helped spread Islam further into the Western Sudan. [63], The Tuareg confederations acquired slaves as well as tribute paying states by conducting raids on communities to their south in West Africa. Inspired by these teachings, Ibn 'Umar's student Usman dan Fodio would go on to lead the Fulani jihads and establish the Sokoto Caliphate. The peasants tilled these fields, whose output they gave to the nobles after keeping a fifth part of the produce. Persian and Urdu meaning is prima-facie. [80] At the same time, the servile "rimaibe" population of the Masina Fulbe, roughly equivalent to the Bella, constituted between 70% to 80% of the Fulbe population, while servile Songhay groups around Gao made up some 2/3 to 3/4 of the total Songhay population. D According to Bernus (1972), Brusberg (1985) and Mortimore (1972), French colonial interests in the Tuareg region were primarily economic, with no intention of ending the slave-owning institution. [30], In Mali, a Tuareg uprising resurfaced in the Adrar N'Fughas mountains in the 1960s, following Mali's independence. [66] According to Heath, the Bella in the Tuareg society were the slave caste whose occupation was rearing and herding livestock such as sheep and goats. This is the highest global frequency found so far of the maternal clade. [100], An old legend says the Tuareg once lived in grottoes, akazam, and they lived in foliage beds on the top acacia trees, tasagesaget. Polity. The Inadan community makes traditional handicrafts. 12. For example, she relates an explanation by a smith on why there is endogamy among Tuareg castes in Niger. AYATULLAH m Arabic, Urdu Derived from the same root as the Persian religious title of آیت‌الله (Ayatollah), which originated from a term in passage 51:20–21 of the Quran. [19], In antiquity, the Tuareg moved southward from the Tafilalt region into the Sahel under the Tuareg founding queen Tin Hinan, who is believed to have lived between the 4th and 5th century. The triangular forms represent the tents of the Tuareg as a symbol of their future family together. If you need to use this translation for business, school, a tattoo, or any other official, professional, or permanent reasons, contact us first for a free quote. Ayan in Sanskrit means 'Speed'. Pronunciation : case sensitive: see the pronunciation key for a guide on how to write the sounds; sounds can only be searched in names that have been assigned pronunciations * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation example: *lee matches names which end with the sound lee _ is a wildcard that will match exactly one letter in the pronunciation They refer to themselves as Imuhag (raiders-nobles), and the term Imuhag is used to designate anyone whose language is Tamahak, precluding Izeggaghen and other vassals whose mother tongue is not Tamahak. In contemporary times, these peasant strata have blended in with freed black slaves and farm arable lands together. During 2004–2007, U.S. Special Forces teams trained Tuareg units of the Nigerien Army in the Sahel region as part of the Trans-Sahara Counter-Terrorism Partnership. Information and translations of Tuareg people in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The Malian Army suppressed the revolt. The French wished to create a protectorate operating, ideally, through single chieftains. I Vote & Rate 5. Information and translations of Tuareg in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. [40] While Islam is the religion of the contemporary Tuareg, historical documents suggest that they initially resisted the Islamization efforts in their traditional strongholds. 89% of the Tahala belong instead to the E1b1b-M81 Berber founding lineage. They released their first CD in 2000, and toured in Europe and the United States in 2004. The linguist Karl-Gottfried Prasse (1995) indicates that the nobles constitute the highest caste. The official, Christophe Sivillon, headed the UN office in the northern town of Kidal until he was forced to step down Monday in … Although this ritual practice was known to the Iberomaurusians, the custom seems instead to have been primarily derived from the ensuing Capsian culture. [20], The Tuareg traditionally speak the Tuareg languages, also known as Tamasheq, Tamachen, Tamashekin, Tomacheck and Kidal. This name generator will give you 10 random Tuareg names. The slaves of the Tuareg were generally of Sub-Saharan African heritage (Nilo-Saharan or Niger-Congo ethno-linguistic origins) and were captured during raids. [9] The nobles originally had a monopoly on carrying arms and owning camels, and were the warriors of the Tuareg regions. Both agreements called for decentralization of national power and guaranteed the integration of Tuareg resistance fighters into the countries' respective national armies. In 2007, a new surge in violence occurred. The 7th century invasion of North Africa from the Middle East triggered an extensive migration of Tuaregs such as the Lemta and the Zarawa, along with other fellow pastoral Berbers. [56] After the adoption of Islam, they became integral to the Tuareg social structure. [11] The Tuareg have been one of the ethnic groups that have been historically influential in the spread of Islam and its legacy in North Africa and the adjacent Sahel region. Ayan in Sanskrit means 'Speed'. What is the meaning of Tuaregs? A dialect cluster, it belongs to the Berber branch of the Afroasiatic family. [69] The Ikelan later became a bonded caste within Tuareg society, and they now speak the same Tamasheq language as the Tuareg nobles and share many customs. Another theory is that Tuareg … The 2019 Touareg will launch with two different diesel V6s, putting out 228 or 282 horsepower. O In 1946, a series of mass desertions of Tuareg slaves and bonded communities began in Nioro and later in Menaka, quickly spreading along the Niger River valley. 4. [52][51] The chieftain is the overlord during times of war, and receives tribute and taxes from tribes as a sign of their submission to his authority. No simple adjectives exist in the Tuareg languages; adjectival concepts are expressed using a relative verb form traditionally called "participle." It has been speculated that these were the ancient people from whom the Tuaregs could trace their ancestry. For other uses, see. In the age of globalization, you definitely would want to localize your website into the Tuareg language! The goal of these Tuareg appears to be economic and political control of ancestral lands, rather than operating from religious and political ideologies. H Throughout history, the Tuareg were renowned and respected warriors. tawariq), meaning those who are abandoned by Allah (God), because for a long time the Tuareg refused to accept the religion of the Arabs: Islam. [64][68], According to the historian Starratt (1981), the Tuareg evolved a system of slavery that was highly differentiated. [43] It flourished under the protection and rule of a Tuareg confederation. (2010), the Tuareg inhabiting the Fezzan region in Libya predominantly carry the H1 haplogroup (61%). Translation Services USA offers professional translation services for English to Tuareg and Tuareg to English language pairs. [51] Although the vassals were also free, they did not own camels but instead kept donkeys and herds of goats, sheep and oxen. [11], Tuareg society has featured caste hierarchies within each clan and political confederation. Anti-Slavery International & Association Timidira, Galy kadir Abdelkader, ed. As such, the endonym strictly refers only to the Tuareg nobility, not the artisanal client castes and the slaves. Nicolaisen, Johannes and Ida Nicolaisen. In the latter two, *z is realized as ž before palatal vowels, explaining the form Tamajaq. ewegh: strong dance performed by men, in couples and groups. They are quite mutually comprehensible, and are commonly regarded as a single language; they are distinguished mainly by a few sound shifts. [11] As such, patrilineal Muslim values are believed to have been superimposed upon the Tuareg's traditional matrilineal society. The Tuareg people are an ethnic group living primarily in the Sahara desert and surrounding areas. For example, Kel Dinnig (those of the east), Kel Ataram (those of the west). The definition of God … In 2008, it was ranked 20th, falling to 23rd between 2009-2010, and then 24th between 2011-2012. AMASTAN ⴰⵎⴰⵙⵜⴰⵏ m Tuareg Means "protector, defender" in Tuareg, derived from the Tamazight root esten meaning "to protect, to defend". B Their decline as a military might came with the introduction of firearms, weapons which the Tuareg did not possess. The French came to the conclusion that Tuareg rebellions were largely the result of the implementation of policies that undermined the authority of traditional chiefs. Uranium mining has diminished and degraded Tuareg grazing lands. Tuareg is a Berber language or family of closely related languages spoken by the Tuareg, in parts of Mali, Niger, Algeria, Libya and Burkina Faso. Pronounce word 150. [53] A collection of tribes, each led by a noble, forms a confederation called amanokal, whose chieftain is elected from among the nobles by the tribal chiefs. Other festivals include: The first Tuareg feature film, A Love Apart , was released in 2004 by Bettina Haasen. Eghajira is a beverage drunk with a ladle. Add collection 200. See more. [63] Traditionally, these local peasants were subservient to the warrior nobles who owned the oasis and the land. [9], Clans have been a historic part of the Tuaregs. [70][71] In the Tuareg society, like with many other ethnic groups in West Africa, slave status was inherited, and the upper strata used slave children for domestic work, at camps and as a dowry gift of servants to the newlyweds.[72][73][74]. You can get more than one meaning for one word in Urdu. Similarly, most of the Tuareg inhabiting Gorom-Gorom in Burkina Faso carry the H1 haplogroup (24%), followed by various L2 subclades (24%), the V lineage (21%), and haplogroup M1 (18%). R Tuareg culture is largely matrilineal. Verbs carry information on the subject of the sentence in the form of pronominal marking. Learn more.. J [12], Tuareg society has traditionally featured clan membership, social status and caste hierarchies within each political confederation. The Case of the Tuareg Rebellion in Northern Mali" (Nov., 2008), "A Political Analysis of Decentralisation: Coopting the Tuareg Threat in Mali" (Sep. 2001), Denise Youngblood Coleman (June 2013) "Niger, Political Conditions" CountryWatch, Klein (1998) "Appendix I:How Many Slaves?" [23] The matriarch's 1,500-year-old monumental Tin Hinan tomb is located in the Sahara at Abalessa in the Hoggar Mountains of southern Algeria. [24], External accounts of interaction with the Tuareg are available from at least the 10th century. They have also collected tribute from their vassals. Competition for resources in the Sahel has since led to conflicts between the Tuareg and neighboring African groups, especially after political disruption following French colonization and independence. Translation Services » Languages » T » Tuareg, Choose the first letter to select required language: The Shat Shat is given by a groom to his future bride as a promise of marriage. 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